The psychology of meditation : research and practice

Meditation perspectivesThe practice of meditationVarieties of meditation practicesMeditation across cultures and through historyWhy do we practice meditation?Typologies of meditationThe "mindfulness" revolutionThis bookPersonal Meditation JourneyReferencesMeditation: Practice and experienceThe basis of meditation: concentration and enquiryDefinition of the foundations of consciousness from a Buddhist perspectiveConcentration: focusing and anchoringExperiential enquiryCreative awareness as meditative mindfulnessTools of creative awarenessListeningMindfulness of feeling tones (Pali: vedana)Meditative questioningConclusionsReferencesHow conscious experience comes about, and why meditation is helpfulMetaphors of mind, old and newWelling up of gesture and thoughtEspaliered experienceHabits of attentionThe emergence of consciousnessHow meditation helpsConclusionReferencesFish discovering water: Meditation as a process of recognitionThe formative role of evolutionary pressures in everyday attendingThe affective downside of these default attending processesRecognizing these threat-based themes in everyday angstMeditation practices cultivate mindfulness of this dilemmaClarifying the terms "meditation" and "practice"Meditation as "practicing my jump-shot to get better at it during a real game"Why these angst-inducing patterns of attending are not ordinarily apparent to usPractitioners use meditation to suit their individual purposes and interestsMeditation practice in the second senseThe qualities of presenceThe yin and the yang of itMeditation occurs within a broader social and political landscapeThe principles of practice are straightforward even as the world is notPsychology of meditation: Philosophical perspectivesOverviewVedic periodVedantaJainismBuddhismAdvaita Vedanta, later HinduismBhaktiYogaTantraWonderReferencesTherapeutic and clinical applications of meditationTraditional and secular views of psychotherapeutic applications of mindfulness and meditationGrowing utilization of mindfulness and meditationIssues in modern secular classifications of mindfulness and meditationConcentrative versus mindfulness meditationFocused attention, open monitoring, and nondual awarenessTraditional versus secularA brief consideration of historical origins of clinically applied MMBuddhist traditionHindu traditionCorrespondences with the categories of FA, OM, and NDAApplications of MM in psychotherapyA spectrum of usage intensityStandardized applications of MMBITheoretical rationale for MMBIAttention regulation and reappraisalEmotion regulationBody awarenessChanges in self-perspectiveMeta-analyses of MMBITreatment component studies: Are treatment mechanisms specific to MMBI?Future directions for research and clinical practiceReferencesMeditation and the management of painWhat is pain?Why do we experience pain?Why does a deeper understanding of pain matter? A modern epidemicHow meditation can helpReview of research into meditation for pain managementThe Breathworks Program (MBPM)The Buddhist roots to MBPMSalattha SuttaSatipatthana SuttaLoving kindness, compassion, and the Brahma ViharasConclusionReferencesAddictive disordersThe nature of addictionMindfulness and addiction treatmentMindfulness and concentration practicesThe 12-Step traditionBuddhist Recovery NetworkTao of recovery/sobrietyReview of the researchLimitations of current findings and future directionsConclusionsLimitations of the approach and new directions for research and treatmentReferencesMeditation and physical healthThe illness experienceWhy mindfulness?Mindfulness-based interventionsSummary of the literatureCancerPain (chronic pain and low back pain)FibromyalgiaCardiovascular disordersDiabetesHIV/AIDSIrritable bowel syndromeRheumatoid arthritisOrgan transplantSummary and future directionsReferencesThe cognitive and affective neurosciences of meditationAn overview of the neural correlates of meditationMeditation and neuroplasticityThe two facets of meditation in neuroscientific studies: focused attention and open monitoringFocused attention meditationOpen monitoring meditationFocused attention and open monitoring in a unitary view of meditationConclusions and research directionsReferencesMeditation in workplaces and schoolsMindfulness and meditation in the workplace: An acceptance and commitment therapy approachPsychological flexibility and ACT at workThe hexagon: the six characteristics that promote psychological flexibilityValuesCommitted actionSelf as contextDefusionAcceptancePresent momentACT and mindfulnessACT techniques for promoting mindfulness in the workplacePresent momentAcceptanceDefusionSelf as contextClarifying valuesIncreasing commitment to values-based goals and actionsACT: a multi-method approach to mindfulnessReferencesMindfulness in educationThe growth of secular mindfulnessMindfulness practicesThe evidence base for adult mindfulnessWhat mindfulness adds to existing approachesThe growth of mindfulness programs for children and young peopleTeaching approaches for mindfulness with young peopleThe evidence base with children and young peopleImpact of mindfulness on mental health in children and young peopleThe case for a targeted/universal balanceSpecific mental health outcomesDepressionAnxietyOn well-being and "flourishing," including emotional regulationOn behaviorOn relationships with the self and othersImpact on academic performanceSome current developmentsThe “missing key” for SELStarting with school staffConclusions and recommendations for future actionsFor those already engaged in mindfulness in schoolsFor those new to mindfulnessStudent on a performing arts course (Mindfulness for Students 2015)ReferencesMeditation: Future theory and researchToward better theoriesWestern explanationsEastern explanationsSelf-reports of experienced meditatorsHow can we proceed?Toward better measurementConventional measurementGuna questionnairesMindfulness questionnairesBuddhist "temperaments"Custom-tailored measurementHow can we proceed?Toward better research designsSingle-case experimental designsMultiple-baseline designsAlternating-treatment designsOther designsMeditators as expert collaboratorsHow can we proceed?ConclusionReferencesHow meditation changes lives: Practice, research, and personal journeysConcentration and enquiryThe "microgenesis" of experienceLoosening the bonds of social conditioningTolerance of uncertaintyBecoming less threatened and more vigilantSense of self and presenceDeveloping compassionFinding connectionNeurophysiological research evidenceTherapeutic applicationsMeditation in applied settingsPersonal meditation journeysConclusions: Meditation research and practiceReferences
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