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Knowledge and Action

Open and Contested Research QuestionsThe Neglected Spatial Dimension in Modern Social TheoryThe Problematic Legacy of Homo Oeconomicus and Rational Choice TheoriesRecent Developments in Decision-Making Theories and Geographies of Science: Improvements in the Understanding of Relations Between Knowledge, Action, and SpaceCollective ActionAims, Claims, and Content of this VolumeConclusionReferencesAction, Knowledge, and Social Relations of SpaceThe Relevance of the Spatial Dimension and the Spatial TurnThe Gaps in Social TheorySocial Conditions of Scientific Research and the History of SpaceDifferent Spaces for Different WorldsAction, Knowledge, and Space—Space, Knowledge, and ActionIncorporation of the World and the Construction of Geographical RealitiesRegionalizations and Regions of Meaningful Geographical RealitiesSocial Relations of SpaceThe Times They Are a-Changing: From Territorial to Digital Social RealitiesImplications: From Space to Action and from Action to the Spatiality of ActionConclusionsReferencesRationality and Discursive Articulation in Place-MakingLate-Modern Action-Theoretic Approaches and “Rational” InterventionsPoststructuralist Theories of Practice and “Critical” InterventionsDiscursive Articulations and the Return of “Rational” InterventionsConclusionReferencesThought-in-Action/Action-in-ThoughtPerverse Expertise and the Social Unconscious in the Making of CrisisNeoliberalism, Finance Capitalism, and CrisisBuying the StateFinance Capitalism and Environmental CrisisSocial UnconsciousnessReferencesHow Much Knowledge Is Necessary for Action?Definitions of Knowledge and ActionKnowledge and BeliefTypes of KnowledgeActionIs Action Possible Without Knowledge?Is Action Possible Against One’s Better Knowledge?Can Knowledge Impede Action?The Relation Between Knowledge and ActionThe Theory of Planned BehaviorThe Theory of Unconscious ThoughtThe Option-Generation FrameworkEvidence From Problem-Solving ResearchConclusionReferencesKnowing and Not KnowingFreud and Hayek: Why Quit?The Excess Boom in Non-knowledgeKnowledge as a Societal ConstructInformation and KnowledgeObserving Non-knowledge, and Some of the Questions I Ask Myself in the ProcessAsymmetric Information/KnowledgeOn the Virtues (Advantages?) of Non-knowledgeThe Societal-Cognitive Functional Differentiation Between Non-knowledge and Societally Determined Knowledge GapsOutlookReferencesHow Representations of Knowledge Shape ActionsThe Description-Experience GapWhat Causes the Description-Experience Gap?Small SamplesRecencyEstimation ErrorContingent SamplingSpatial Search PoliciesCognitive Strategies in Decisions from ExperienceNeo-Bernoullian ModelsAssociative Learning ModelsHeuristicsDecisions from Experience: A Key to Otherwise Puzzling Human BehaviorConclusionReferencesReflection and Impulse as Determinants of Human BehaviorThe Missing Link Between Knowledge and ActionA Short Overview of Reflective and Impulsive Styles of ThinkingTheories of ReflectionTheories of ImpulseBridging the Gap: The Reflective-Impulsive ModelThe Reflective SystemThe Impulsive SystemInteraction of SystemsCommon Pathway to BehaviorKnowledge and Action: Bidirectional ConnectionsDeterminants of Systematic Behavioral ControlMotivation and OpportunitySelf-Regulatory ResourcesImplications of the RIMThinking Is Tough!Sometimes No Means Yes If I Can’t Process ItImproving Implicit Self-EsteemConclusionReferencesPlanning and the Control of ActionControlling Actions by Goals and Implementation IntentionsThe Role of Knowledge Accessibility in Planning and in the Control of ActionSpontaneous Use of Incidentally Presented Goal-Relevant InformationStrategic Use of Goal-Relevant Knowledge with MCIIStrategic Planning of the Automatic Activation of Goal-Relevant KnowledgeConclusion and OutlookReferencesPragmatic Philosophy and the Social Function of KnowledgeHow to Define and How to Obscure KnowledgeKnowledge as Practice: Keeping Information AvailableSocial Epistemology and Spatial DifferenceDelocalized and Resituated Knowledge in the Information AgeConclusionReferencesSemantic Knowledge, Domains of Meaning and Conceptual SpacesWhat Is Semantic Knowledge?Semantics Based on Conceptual SpacesSemantic Domains Involved in Children’s DevelopmentLevels of IntersubjectivityEmotive DomainVisual and Physical DomainsCategory DomainValue DomainAction DomainGoal DomainEvent DomainSome Linguistic Evidence of Semantic Domain KnowledgeConclusionReferencesSo What Do You Do? Experimenting with Space for Social CreativityTheoretical FrameworkContext: The Studio for Social CreativityMethod: Action ExperimentsData AnalysisConfigurations in Spaces of Social CreativityLooking Closely at a Sample SessionComparative Analysis Across SessionsOrientationMeeting ModeExpansionCreation ConfigurationReflectionExhibitionRehearsalDiscussionOrientation in Undifferentiated SpaceOrientation in Unencrusted SpaceQualifying Spaces of PossibilityConstructing Spaces Conducive to NewnessThe Relationship Between Talking and Doing Methodological ReflectionConclusionReferencesThe Decision to Move: Being Mobile and Being Rational in Comparative Anthropological PerspectiveSmall Places, Big IssuesState of the Art: Rational Choice Models of MobilityState of the Art: Decision-Making ProbabilityThe Pragmatics of Decision-MakingVariation in ReasoningReferencesContinuity and Change in Older Adults’ Out-of-Home Mobility Over Ten Years: A Qualitative-Quantitative ApproachMethodStudy DesignSample Description and Drop-OutInstrumentsData AnalysesResultsOverviewSubjective Meaning of Out-of-Home Mobility Over TimePerceived Changes in Out-of-Home Mobility Over Time and Perceived Reasons for Such ChangeSatisfaction with Key Areas of Mobility and Satisfaction with Life in General Over TimeOut-of-Home MobilityPublic TransportOut-of-Home Leisure Activities and TravelLife in GeneralExploration of Interindividual Variability Over Time in a Case Contrast ApproachDiscussionReferences
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