• 1. Johann Heinrich von Thunen-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Institute of Farm Economics, Germany.
  • 2. Based on the Health Check reform, the payments in France that are still coupled have been redistributed mainly in favour of suckler cows and grassland-based milk production (Chatellier and Guyomard, 2010).
  • 3. Rearrangements between the former Direct Payments and the implementation of the hybrid model since 2005 are not considered.
  • 4. The stratification in production direction occurs separately for each group; overlapping above all in the smaller farms, e.g. between bull fattening and milk production.
  • 5. This indicator is commonly used for income comparisons between private farms and legal entities.


Bureau, J-C. and H.P. Witzke (2010), The Single Payments Scheme After 2013: New Approach - New Targets. Study for European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development.


Chatellier, V. and H. Guyomard (2011), “CAP Health Check in France: a significant redistribution of budgetary payments?” in OECD (2011) The disaggregated impacts of the CAP, Paris.

Kleinhanss, W. (2008), La politique agricole federale et le role des Lander en RFA. Seminaire Confederation Paysanne - INRA, Criquetot - l’Esneval 8-9 April.

Kleinhanss, W. (2009), Development of price support, subsidies and income in German agriculture. OECD, Paris.

Kleinhanss, W. and D. Manegold. (1998), Begrenzung der Transferzahlungen im Rahmen der Agenda 2000: Ausgestaltungsmoglichkeiten und Wirkungen. Landbauforschung Volkenrode, Vol. 48(4), pp. 223-233.

Salhofer, K., N. Roder, D. Kilian, S. Henter and M. Zirnbauer (2009), Markte fur Zahlungsanspruche (Markets of Entitlements), BMELV research contract 05HS041,

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