Nutrition in Post Bariatric Patients with Pregnancy

Although pregnancy after bariatric surgery appears to be safe, health care providers should take extra care to properly monitor their post-operative pregnant patients for appropriate weight gain and nourishment [32]. Women with pregnancy after bariatric surgery were diagnosed with micronutrient deficiencies more frequently than those with pregnancy before surgery. Hence increased testing may help identify nutrient deficiencies and prevent consequences for maternal and child health [33, 34]. Deficiencies in iron, vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin K, folate and calcium can result in both maternal complications, such as severe anaemia, and fetal complications, such as congenital abnormalities, IUGR and failure to thrive [35].

Hence postoperative nutrient supplementation and close supervision before, during, and after pregnancy adjusted as per individual requirements of a woman will help preventing nutrition-related complications such as deficiencies in iron, vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin K, folate and calcium, and improving maternal and fetal health [23].

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