Importance of Iron, Folic Acid and B12

Iron is an essential mineral vital to make hemoglobin and myoglobin and plays a role in metabolic processes like oxygen transport, DNA synthesis and electron transport [1]. It is obtained as nonheme iron from vegetables and haeme iron from meat. Vitamin B12 is a key B vitamin important for proper brain development and deficiency causes central nervous system development disorders and dementia [2]. Folate is a water soluble B vitamin (also known as vitamin B9) essential for amino

P. Devi, MSc (*) • P.R. Palanivelu, MS, DNB, DNB (SGE), FALS, FMAS Bariatric Division, Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery and Minimal Access Surgery Unit, GEM Hospital and Research Centre, Coimbatore, India e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it ; This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

P.R. Palanivelu et al. (eds.), Bariatric Surgical Practice Guide,

DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-2705-5_34

acid metabolism, DNA synthesis, repair and methylation [3]. Folate includes endogenous food folate and its synthetic form folic acid [4]. Bioavailability of folic acid is 70 % higher than the natural folate present in the foods [5].

 
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