Importance of Iron, Folic Acid and B12
Iron is an essential mineral vital to make hemoglobin and myoglobin and plays a role in metabolic processes like oxygen transport, DNA synthesis and electron transport . It is obtained as nonheme iron from vegetables and haeme iron from meat. Vitamin B12 is a key B vitamin important for proper brain development and deficiency causes central nervous system development disorders and dementia . Folate is a water soluble B vitamin (also known as vitamin B9) essential for amino
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acid metabolism, DNA synthesis, repair and methylation . Folate includes endogenous food folate and its synthetic form folic acid . Bioavailability of folic acid is 70 % higher than the natural folate present in the foods .