Smart Environment

A smart city should have a high focus on the sustainability issues of the environment. Smart energy management schemes may be adopted, such as the conversion of natural light for use in institutional buildings, homes, hotels, and so on. Since carbon emissions and other pollutants affect the environment of a city, low-carbon logistics networks should be used to reduce the carbon footprint. According to Lombardi et al. (2012), smart environment management constitutes the management of green gas emissions, achieving high-energy efficiency, conservation of electricity, treatment and conservation of water resources, and management of green spaces. A comprehensive policy would be required to improve and monitor environmental performance and air pollution. With respect to civil society: the percentage of people using public transport, efforts to use clean transport, and engagement in sustainability oriented activity could be indicators to focus on. With respect to industry: the percentage of energy derived from renewable sources, the proportion of recycled waste as a ratio of total waste produced, the management of gas emissions, and the management of buildings and infrastructure could be some of the key indicators assessed in terms of sustainability. For achieving and maintaining a smart environment, focused initiatives need to be started to monitor the carbon footprint and preservation of natural resources such as water, greenery, and air.

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