Approach to Sustainable Development
The former definition of sustainable development is found in the Brundtland Commission Report of 1987. The focus of sustainable development is on the creation of "sustainable space," as the region where the economic, environmental, and social spheres overlap. Applied to the background of township planning and development, the vital fundamental elements of sustainability are energy efficiency, renewable energy, integrated waste management, public transport, and water management (Seth et al. 2010). Sustainable development achieves stability between social and economic development by bringing equity to the provision of basic services, housing, employment, social infrastructure, and transportation. Solar energy (renewable energy source) technology options such as rooftop photovoltaic (PV) cells and water-heating systems can meet some energy demands of electricity, transport, and heating. The generated solar energy can power the batteries of electric and hybrid vehicle technology to minimize air and noise pollution. Integrated solid waste management (ISWM) incorporates the full circle of waste management and reuse. Collected solid and horticultural waste can be treated in decentralized units such as organic waste composting units or plastic waste-to-fuel conversion and pellet-making plants to generate end products or energy.