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Definitions of Smart Cities

The concept of smart cities originated from various definitions such as information city, intelligent city, digital city, knowledge city, and ubiquitous city. According to a paper on smart cities by Angelidou (2015), the smart city is defined as follows:

Smart cities represent a conceptual urban development model on the basis of the utilization of human, collective, and technological capital for the development of urban agglomerations (Angelidou, 2015).

Smart City Dimensions

The smart city concept has evolved from "information city," and later evolved to an idea of an ICT-centered smart city. The major dimensions of the smart city are smart people,

Management of Multidimensional Risk for Digital Services in Smart Cities

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smart mobility, smart economy, smart living, smart environment, and smart governance (Kumar, 2015).

Smart People

Smart people should have attributes as shown in Figure 12.1. The Human Development Index is considered the most important aspect. The next most important attribute is the graduate enrolment ratio, followed by the level of qualification. Smart people should have the zeal for lifelong learning as well as social and ethnic plurality. Open-mindedness is also a quality of smart people, as is the flexibility to adapt to changes in the environment as well as being creative enough to contribute to the educational world. Smart people possess a democratic nature and participate in public life.

 
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