Expanding the understanding of teams
‘What is a team?’ In today’s world, new types of team are emerging at a rapid pace. The changing nature of teams raises a series of questions regarding team membership (e.g., frequently changing membership), task and relational interdependence (e.g., ambiguity in task interdependence) and team effectiveness (e.g., performance standards by multiple shareholders; Wageman, Gardner & Mortensen, 2012), all of which are essential to team assessment and selection. In order to support evidence-based practice, team researchers can adopt different definitional elements of team components (e.g., team members, leaders, stakeholders) and explore the validity of KSAOs in different types of collaborations.
TTA plays a crucial role in team assessment and selection, yet there are many unanswered questions regarding the validity of different TTA approaches. Organizational researchers and practitioners have commonly adopted individual-based task analyses that might be inappropriate for team selection, which heightens the need to further develop and validate more team-based TTA that encompasses contextual factors and multilevel principles. Despite the existence of many commonly endorsed TTA approaches, the field lacks a single taxonomy to organize and explain various approaches of TTA to provide a common guideline for conducting TTA across time and situation (Bennett, Alliger, Wilson & Gibson, 2012). Gaps in the literature call for the development of a comprehensive guideline for conducting individual- and team-based TTA. In addition, efforts are needed to validate existing types of team-based TTA that have yet to be tested and develop new tools and methods for conducting TTA.