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Home arrow Psychology arrow The Wiley Blackwell handbook of the psychology of recruitment, selection and employee retention
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Simulations

Summaries of the Latino/Hispanic-White differences on simulations are limited. Schmitt and colleagues (1996) reported that there was no difference between Latinos/Hispanics and Whites. Other studies have reported larger differences. Pulakos and colleagues (1996) found that on role-plays the difference is d = 0.37. Thus, it appears that there are some differences, but the evidence is extremely limited.

Situational judgement tests

Hough and colleagues (2001) estimated Latino/Hispanic-White ds to be about 0.26 and 0.39 (both favouring Whites) for written- and video-based situational judgement tests, respectively. More recently, Whetzel and colleagues’ (2008) meta-analysis reported a Latino/Hispanic-White d of 0.26 (k = 43, N = 15,195). These authors also found minimal differences when comparing ds for knowledge-focused and behavioural tendency-focused situational judgement tests. The cautionary note that Bobko and Roth (2013) sounded for Black-White differences on situational judgement tests may well apply to these comparisons as well. Job level and construct saturation - particularly cognitive ability - impacts these estimates. Thus, it is currently uncertain what the magnitude of the ds actually is between Lantos/Hispanics and Whites for situational judgements tests.

In summary, the size of the observed score differences between Whites and US Hispanic/ Latinos has received far less research attention than the score differences between Whites and African-Americans. While the research shows smaller differences, a similar pattern emerges that the size of the differences and who is advantaged vary depending on what is measured. In general, non-cognitive constructs show near-zero differences and when the differences are greater than zero they advantage Whites or Hispanics/Latinos depending on the facet of the construct. The observed score differences tend to be larger for cognitive constructs and more consistently favour Whites. However, the size of the difference tends to vary with the specific test or cognitive domain measured. For the various measurement methods, there is much less research, so conclusions about the existence and size of the differences are more tentative. Research to date suggests that the magnitude of the effect sizes varies across measurement methods. Also, there may be an interaction between the method of measurement and the relative saturation of the construct that is measured by the method. As with the White and African-American comparisons, the observed differences are far more complicated and non-uniform, and the measurement method seems to play a role.

 
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