Case Studies in Indonesia
In this section, we exemplify the benefits and limitations of Eco-DRR as described in Sect. 18.2 based on two case studies in Indonesia. In this regard, we analyze different drivers, challenges and opportunities of Eco-DRR, which will then be discussed in Sect. 18.5. We chose two case studies in the coastal areas of Demak and Kuwaru (Fig. 18.1), which focus on the role of ecosystems in reducing the risk of coastal disaster, especially coastal erosion, wave hazards and coastal flooding (Tonneijck et al. 2015; Tonneijck 2016; Triyanti 2013; Dewi et al. 2016; Santi 2015; Foltyn 2014). These specific cases studies were not presented in the scientific literature, as described in Sect. 18.3. However, we argue that the presentation of these case studies based on theses (Triyanti 2013; Dewi et al. 2016; Santi 2015; Foltyn 2014) will help us to demonstrate the application of Eco-DRR from a practical perspective. Furthermore, it will help us to juxtapose the different spatial attributes and
Fig. 18.1 if Demak and Kuwaru Coastal Area (Source: (a) Tnyanti (2013) (b) Google
earth satellite image Landsat (2016); (c) Santi (2015); (d) Google earth satellite image data SIO NOAA. US NAVY, NGA, GEBCO, TerraMetrics (2016); (e) Google earth satellite image TerraMetrics, Digital Globe)
nature of risks in the application of Eco-DRR for reducing coastal disasters as well as its function to improve livelihoods of the local people in both areas and analyze the challenges and opportunities. The location of the two case studies can be found in Fig. 18.1.