Measuring Community Resilience to Natural Hazards: Case Study of Yogyakarta Province

Herryal Z. Anwar, Emilia Yustiningrum, Nina Andriana,

D.T.P. Kusumawardhani, Saut Sagala, and Anggun Mayang Sari

Abstract The concepts of community resilience have been utilized in the discussion on related to disaster risk reduction (DRR) and there has been a proliferation of concepts and frameworks for understanding and measuring resilience. This study builds on these measures of resilience by developing an Integrated Concept of Community Resilience (ICCR) adapted to include Indonesian context-specific dimensions such as different forms of cultural capital, governance and spatial planning. Specifically, existing forms of cultural capital, namely gotong royong (collective action) have long been rooted in many Indonesian societies and therefore play an important role in increasing community resilience. At a larger scale, community resilience is also influenced by external factors such as the governance system and spatial planning.

The objective of this chapter is to develop and apply the ICCR framework in the Sleman and Bantul Regencies in the Special Region (Daerah Istimewa) of Yogyakarta, which are threatened by volcanic and earthquake hazards respectively. The analyses were based on data from 200 household questionnaires, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. The ICCR was then translated into indicators that are analyzed statistically. The result of the assessment showed that the resilience index of Sleman Regency is higher than that of Bantul Regency, although the average resilience index in Sleman and Bantul is moderate except for spatial planning in Bantul which is low. Based on the results obtained, the ICCR can be applied as a measure of community resilience and help to highlight ways and possible interventions for strengthening resilience.

H.Z. Anwar (*) • E. Yustiningrum • N. Andriana • D.T.P. Kusumawardhani • A.M. Sari LIPI, Jakarta, Indonesia

e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it ; This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it ; This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it ; This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it ; This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

S. Sagala

School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB), Bandung, Indonesia e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

R. Djalante et al. (eds.), Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia, Disaster Risk Reduction, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-54466-3_25

Keywords Integrated concept of community resilience • Yogyakarta • Community resilience

 
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