Voting Unity of National Parties in Bicameral EU Decision-Making: Speaking with One Voice?


Motivation: The Roles National Parties Might Play in Bicameral EU Decision-MakingResearch Questions: One Voice or Forked Tongue?A Framework for Analysis: Of Principals, Agents, and ConstraintsThe Research Plan: A Mixed-Methods ApproachCompiling a New Dataset: Voting in Bicameral Decision-MakingA Look Behind the Scenes: Qualitative InterviewsOverview of the BookNotesBibliographyVoting in EU Decision-MakingThe EU’s Bicameral Legislative SystemVoting in the European ParliamentA Bias in European Parliament Roll-Call Votes?“Voting” in the CouncilDifferent Datasets on and Definitions of Council VotingA Bias in Council Data?NotesBibliographyThe Influence of National PartiesPotential Control MechanismsControl Over MEPsCandidate SelectionPrior Instructions and Reporting RequirementsGeneral Assessment of Party Control Over MEPsControl Over Ministers in the CouncilPrior Instructions and Reporting RequirementsGovernment TypeThe Influence of National Parliaments on EU Decision-MakingGeneral Assessment of Party Control Over Ministers in the CouncilCoordination Between Ministers and MEPsContacts Between Ministers and MEPsThe Permanent Representations as Coordinators Between the Council and EPCoordination of Voting Behavior Between Ministers and MEPsGeneral Assessment of Coordination Between Ministers and MEPsSummaryNotesBibliographyThe Influence of Institutional ConstraintsThe Main Constraint in the EP: Transnational GroupsVoting Cohesion of Transnational GroupsDefection from the Transnational GroupThe Main Constraint in the Council: The “Culture of Consensus”Consensual Voting in the CouncilDefection from the ConsensusSummaryNotesBibliographyVoting Unity Between Ministers and Members of the European ParliamentTheorizing Voting UnityHow Often Do Ministers and MEPs of the Same Party Vote the Same Way?Factors that Might Influence Voting UnityThe Incentive to Display CohesionParty Control Over Ministers and MEPsDirect Coordination Between Ministers and MEPsParty-Internal DissentDivergent Institutional ConstraintsOverview Over Hypotheses and IndicatorsVariablesVoting UnityIncentive to Display CohesionParty Control Over Ministers and MEPsDirect Coordination Between Ministers and MEPsParty-Internal DissentDivergent Institutional ConstraintsControl VariablesExplaining Voting UnitySummaryNotesBibliographyNational Parties versus Institutional ConstraintsThe Cases for AnalysisWhat Happens If MEPs Have to Decide Between Their Minister and Their EPG?Recapitulating Theory and Previous FindingsDifferent Options for MEPsCan Parties Enhance Voting Unity in These Cases?Control and Media AttentionAnalysisWhat Happens If Ministers Have to Decide Between Their MEPs and the Council Consensus?SummaryNotesBibliographyAnswers to the Research QuestionsVoting Unity of National Parties in Bicameral EU Decision-MakingHow National Parties Try to Influence Voting Behavior in Council and EPThe “Institutional Constraints” That Shape the Voting Behavior of Ministers and MEPsThe Frequency of Voting Unity Between Ministers and MEPsFactors That Influence Voting UnityThe Ability of National Parties to Ensure Voting UnityThe Main Findings: “Voting Unity” in a NutshellExplaining the Findings Concerning Voting UnityTheorizing the Role of National Parties in Bicameral EU Decision-MakingThe Influence of National PartiesBicameralism in the EUSummary of the Project and Avenues for Future ResearchNotesBibliography
 
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