UCR and Property Crime
Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims.
UCR and Clearances
Within the UCR Program, law enforcement agencies can clear, or “close,” offenses in one of two ways: by arrest or by exceptional means. Although agencies may administratively close a case, this does not necessarily mean that the agency can clear the offense for UCR purposes. According to the FBI, law enforcement agencies must meet the following four conditions in order to clear an offense by exceptional means. The agency must have
- 1. Identified the offender
- 2. Gathered enough evidence to support an arrest, make a charge, and turn over the offender to the court for prosecution
- 3. Identified the offender’s exact location so that the suspect could be taken into custody immediately
- 4. Encountered a circumstance outside the control of law enforcement that prohibits the agency from arresting, charging, and prosecuting the offender (FBI, 2010b)
Examples of exceptional clearances include the death of the offender (e.g., suicide or justifiably killed by the police), the victim’s refusal to cooperate with the prosecution after the offender has been identified, or the denial of extradition because the offender committed a crime in another jurisdiction and is being prosecuted for that offense.