Training of the Tactical Crime Analyst
With any type of cross-training for crime analysts who are assigned to work in tactical, real-time situations, the goal is to create a hybrid form of crime analysis, that is, crime analysis that merges the traditional skills of the crime analyst with the investigative skill set of a sworn investigator. One way to do this is for crime analysts to work with their law enforcement partners to create a training course that mirrors the curriculum of an established investigator’s course.
Using this curriculum as a guide, specific topic instruction (incorporating such areas as interviewing and interrogation, rules of evidence, etc.) can be taught to the analyst by a seasoned investigator with the emphasis on how each specific block of instruction would directly relate to the tactical analyst’s role.
In New York, for example, most law enforcement agencies follow a Department of Criminal Justice Services Basic Investigator School Curriculum, which, over the course of two weeks, is composed of several different blocks of instruction designed to teach a newly promoted police investigator the tools needed to conduct a proper criminal investigation.
Here is a sampling of topics and class hours as taught in the Basic Investigator School Curriculum:
- • Case Management/Basic Investigative Techniques and Canvassing: 3 h
- • Interview and Interrogation: 12.5 h
When looking to combine the curriculum for the investigator’s course with a newly developed training curriculum for the tactical analyst, a certified instructor can see the value of applying certain relevant subject matter. When this is done correctly, the subject matter, combined with case studies specifically related to situations that would utilize a tactical analyst, becomes an effective learning tool.
The following is an example of how the aforementioned listed topics relate to the role of the tactical analyst:
- • Case Management/Basic Investigative Techniques
- • Tactical analysis calls for managing and collecting relevant information and transitioning that into actionable intelligence for the use of investigators in the field.
- • Interview and Interrogation
- • Tactical analysis calls for close interaction with investigators in the field, and as such, there needs to be a cohesive exchange of information between the analyst and the investigator. Knowing how to extract viable information, as the investigation progresses, is crucial to the data mining process, particularly when sorting through several databases looking for specific information and intelligence that can be sent to officers in the field in an expedient manner.
The goal of this type of training is to help analysts gain insight into the investigative process and develop a better understanding of their role as they support a criminal investigation.