Strategic Crime Analysis
Strategic crime analysis furnishes information concerning long-range problems. Strategic crime analysts provide data relative to long-term increases or decreases in crime (crime trend data). They also prepare crime statistical summaries—often referred to as exception reports since they reflect deviations from the norm—and provide resource acquisition and allocation information.
Strategic crime analysis involves the study of crime and law enforcement information integrated with sociodemographic and spatial factors to determine long-term “patterns” of activity, to assist in problem-solving, and to research and evaluate responses and procedures.
In general, strategic crime analysis consists primarily of quantitative analysis of aggregate data. That usually means monthly, quarterly, or yearly compilations of information, such as crime, calls for service, and traffic information analyzed in aggregate (as a collection or a whole) form. That is, general categories such as date, time, location, and type of incident are analyzed instead of qualitative data, such as narrative descriptions of incidents. Variables including race, class, sex, income, population, location, and location type are examined, along with law enforcement information in the analysis process.