Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
According to this perspective, areas within a city emit “cues” about their characteristics that offenders use to select suitable targets. Urban settings can discourage crime and limit the number of targets that are perceived as “suitable” by motivated offenders through physical design that incorporates cues that show how the living space is well maintained, well cared for, and hence well controlled. Under such conditions, the potential offenders realize that they will be (1) easily recognized and (2) not tolerated (Newman, 1972).
In this chapter, we covered hot spots policing from history to identification to implications of locating where hot spots exist. At this point, you should have an increased understanding of what hot spots are, how crime analysts locate and identify hot spots, and the role of tactical crime analysts in hot spots policing. In Chapter 13, you will learn more about strategic crime analysis.
Questions for Discussion
- 1. Could you make a case for the use of place in crime analysis and the use of hot spots policing as a factor in the reduction of crime in this country?
- 2. What is the difference between individual theories of crime causation and geographic theories of crime causation?