Final Goal of Crime Analysis
The final goal of crime analysis is to help with the evaluation of police efforts by determining the level of success of programs and initiatives implemented to control and prevent crime and disorder, and measuring how effectively police organizations are run. In recent years, local police agencies have become increasingly interested in determining the effectiveness of their crime control and prevention programs.
Furthermore, strategic crime analysts also assist police departments in evaluating internal organizational procedures, such as resource allocation (i.e., how officers are assigned to patrol areas), realignment of geographic boundaries, the forecasting of staffing needs, and the development of performance measures. Police agencies keep such procedures under constant scrutiny in order to ensure that the agencies are running effectively.
When all is said and done, however, the primary objective of crime analysis is to assist the police in reducing and preventing crime and disorder. Present cutting-edge policing strategies, such as hot spot policing, problem-oriented policing, disorder policing, intelligence- led policing, and CompStat management strategies, are centered on directing crime prevention and crime reduction responses based on crime analysis results. In Chapter 14, we move on to discuss administrative crime analysis.