Concatenation of propositions

Despite limitations at the structural level, Simon’s written productions as of file 3 reflect an increasing complexity at the narrative level. By assumption, different propositions are combined in sequences like (482) and (483), produced in file 4, to express a complex story event. In (482), a verb final clause (“Der Frosch das ein Glas kletter”) is combined with a prepositional phrase (“auf dem Boden”) (probably used to express that the frog “lands” on the floor after climbing out of the glass) and a conjoined V3 clause (“und Dann hupfen”). Example (483) involves the combination of a main clause with copula drop and a clause introduced by the complementiser weil (‘because’), the only one Simon produces in the corpus.

Examples (484)-(486) show how he manages to express cause-effect relations (though not always explicitly), character’s emotions and temporal relations. Notice that (484a) involves a combination of two propositions, that is, “Der Junge schaue auf der Hund” is combined with “falle auf dem boden”, which might be interpreted as a merger of two structures, a main clause and an embedded clause, whereby the subject dropped in the second would correspond with the object of the first (the dog). The reason for the boy’s annoyance (“Der Junge istgrofie sauer auf der Hund”) remains implicit, that is, it has to be inferred by the reader. The same holds of example (485), a complex narrative passage, which describes the scene of the boy and the dog falling into the water and their subsequent discovery of the frog ((481) is repeated here in (485d)). The sequence is also illustrative of the lack of cohesive devices at the time, in particular, pronouns. Finally, example (486) illustrates the expression of simultaneous events through the use of the coordinating conjunction und (‘and’).

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