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Home arrow Language & Literature arrow Bilingualism and Deafness: On Language Contact in the Bilingual Acquisition of Sign Language and Written Language
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Developmental profile: Hamida

From the onset of the study, Hamida’s written productions document her creative though not always target-like use of the linguistic means available for the purpose of recounting complex narrative events. While Hamida makes a progress in the attainment of the German grammar in the time span covered by this study, her written productions are characterised by a high degree of variation as she alternatively uses target-like and target-deviant structures. Complex narrative episodes are often expressed through a concatenation of propositions that are difficult to interpret at times, in particular, where sentence boundaries are not easy to establish. Text length remains relatively constant with an average of around 40 propositions.

Hamida’s narratives exhibit a remarkable variation regarding word order as of the onset of the study (cf. Table 4.17.). As of file 2, variation in verb place?ment and verb inflection, including numerous structural blends, is indicative of a syntax that seems to be overgenerating, possibly, because the headedness of the IP remains to be fixed. Variation in the left periphery provides evidence of a reorganisation phase bound to the implementation of the target V2 constraint. Worthy of mention is the substantial decrease of the error rate in the domain of verb inflection from 45.4% to 26.3% by the end of the study.

Table 4.17: Hamida’s German profile.

CP

Questions

[no sufficient evidence]

Embedded clauses (CP with head- initial IP)

[files 3-5]

[files 5]

Der Junge und der Hund schauen auf the boy and the dog look at Frosch, was #Frosch# er gemacht. frog what he done

[file 3]

... weil Frosch ist verschwinden. ... because frog is disappear

IP

[language

contact]

(head-final IP?)

[file 1]

Junge deine Hand da Frosch sitzt boy your hand there frog sits

IP headedness

[mobile IP until file 5]

Variation (V2 and V3 formats)

[file 3-5]

[file 3]

Dann steht einen #Reh# Hirsche auf dem then stands a deer on the Wald und lauft im wasser. woods and runs in.the water

Verb raising (main verbs) (mobile IP)

[files 2-5 ]

[file 5]

Danach wieder suchen ein Frosch seid. then again search a frog are

Verb raising (aux / mod and main verbs) (mobile IP)

[files 2-5 ]

[file 5]

Plotzlich fallen ein Hund in Boden, (file 5) suddenly fall a dog on floor und ein Junge #erschrok# erschrocken sind. and a boy frightened are

[file 3]

Dann Junge hat #vielen Euelen# Eule angreifen. then boy has owl attack

[file 3]

Spater Junge steht auf dem Stein later boy stands on the stone

[file 2]

Timo hat auch was du schreit haben Timo has also what you shout have

Table 4.77: continued

VP

[language

contact]

(lexicon)

[file 1]

Der Inana auch Ansgt vielen Bienen damit the Inana also fear many bees with.that

[file 1]

Frosch aussteigen sind weg frog out-climb are away

 
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