Economic Virtue 2: Honesty

Most students hope merchants will be honest. But the level of the student honesty decline when it concerns their own interests.

As shown by the results, over 80% of the students think merchants should not lower the quality of their products even if it is not harmful to consumer health. About

Table 20. It is ok to lower the quality if it is not harmful to consumer health

Frequency

Percentage

Valid

percentage

Cultivated

percentage

Valid

Strongly disagree

3011

57.4

58.5

58.5

Disagree

1170

22.3

22.7

81.2

Not sure

554

10.6

10.8

91.9

Agree

275

5.2

5.3

97.3

Strongly agree

140

2.7

2.7

100.0

Total

5150

98.2

100.0

Missing

0

91

1.7

Missing system

2

0.0

Total

93

1.8

Total

5243

100.0

Table 21. It is ok to release false information in order to sell

Frequency

Percentage

Valid

percentage

Cultivated

percentage

Valid

Strongly disagree

4011

76.5

77.9

77.9

Disagree

598

11.4

11.6

89.5

Not sure

322

6.1

6.3

95.8

Agree

128

2.4

2.5

98.3

Strongly agree

88

1.7

1.7

100.0

Total

5147

98.2

100.0

Missing

0

94

1.8

Missing system

2

0.0

Total

96

1.8

Total

5243

100.0

10% are not clear about this, and 8% thinks that it is ok to lower the quality if it is not harmful to consumer health.

There are 89.5% of the students disagree that “it is ok to release false information in order to sell” and 4.2% agree.

From the above data, we can see that most of the students favor the proposition of providing correct information and other rightful behaviors. In other words, students hold relatively high expectations of merchant honesty.

However, once it concerns their own interests students tend to lower their requirements of honesty. The results show that when they get more change than what they should, although most (69.4%) would “certainly return it”, there are still 26.2% are not sure about what they would do and choose that “it depends on the circumstance” and other 4.4% choose to “keep it”. As we can see, student

Table 22. What would you do when you get more changes than you should?

Frequency

Percentage

Valid

Keep it

230

4.4

Certainly return it

3631

69.3

Depends on circumstances

1373

26.2

Total

5234

99.8

Missing

9

0.2

Total

5243

100.0

Table 23. If you would package the leftovers in restaurants

Frequency

Percentage

Valid

percentage

Cultivated

percentage

Valid

Strongly disagree

504

9.6

9.6

9.6

Disagree

1029

19.6

19.7

29.3

Not sure

1495

28.5

28.6

57.9

Agree

1219

23.3

23.3

81.3

Strongly agree

979

18.7

18.7

100.0

Total

5226

99.7

100.0

Missing

Total

17

0.3

Total

5243

100.0

expectations of their own honesty are lower than what they expect for merchants by 20 percentage points.

 
Source
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