In this chapter, we have explored the use of the arts in health across the past 40,000 years. The understanding and scientific accuracy of accounts of the health benefits of the arts has evolved dramatically in this time, but so too has the understanding and scientific accuracy of theories of medicine. We have seen how the relationship between arts and health has shifted over the centuries, brought closer or pushed further away by developments in theories around health and medicine. In the next chapter we will focus specifically on some of the most influential models of health of the last 200 years and consider how current thinking is providing opportunities for the arts in health and paving the way for the expansion of the field.


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