Plan a logic model

Based on the ideas that have been generated, it should be possible to construct a logic model. Logic models (also known as logical frameworks or programme matrices) are tools that allow graphical depiction of the logical relationship between components including inputs, interventions, and impacts. Working backwards, it should now be clear what the desired impacts are for the intervention, including short-, medium-, and long-term effects. The ideas generation process should have identified what the intervention will consist of to achieve these impacts, including the actual arts activities (whether performative, visual, aural, technological, or other) and how people will engage with them (whether actively taking part, a more receptive engagement, or a subconscious involvement). In mapping out the logic model, it should become clear whether the intervention is entirely matching the planned impacts, or whether adjustments must be made to align them more effectively.

The final category to plan for is the inputs: what is invested to allow the intervention to happen. Depending on the nature of the intervention, inputs involve several categories. Below is a checklist of some of the key logistical features that may be involved. These may not be necessary for each intervention and there may be others added to the list for specific projects. Nevertheless, this list offers an important starting point in mapping the requirements of a project and ascertaining what financial and physical resources are necessary:

  • ? Personnel
  • • Staff required to project manage an intervention
  • • Staff required to run the intervention sessions
  • • Key stakeholders within the organizations involved
  • • Project champions (to encourage buy-in or recruitment)
  • • A patient-public involvement group
  • • The participants themselves
  • ? Funding
  • • Pilot funding
  • • In-kind support
  • ? Infrastructure
  • • Location or venue
  • • Technologies required
  • • Instruments, equipment, or resources
  • • Transport
  • • Staff training
  • ? Marketing
  • • A project website
  • • Advertisement leaflets and other collateral
  • • Social media channels
  • ? Safeguarding
  • • Organizational permissions
  • • Ethical approval or permissions
  • • Criminal record checks
  • • Occupational health checks
  • • Contracts for staff involved
  • • Appropriate insurance and indemnity
  • • Risk assessments
  • • Vulnerable working policies

These processes and physical items are discussed in detail later in the book, in particular in Chapters 7 and 8. Mapping out these requirements in detail is an important part of logic modelling as it shows what the intervention will actually require. At this stage, it may become clear that a project is overly ambitious as the requirements are beyond the capabilities of staff and resources available. Alternatively, the logic model may lead to further elements of a project being added into the plan. Project planning tools, such as Gantt charts (which illustrate a project schedule), help map out the activities to take place and show where multiple streams of work may need to coincide. This can help in distributing staff appropriately and planning for project budgets. Appropriate lead time is needed to manage each of these elements, as well as a contingency plan if these deadlines are not met. In particular, sufficient time should be mapped out for participant recruitment.

For more information on logic models, Lisa Wyatt Knowlton and Cynthia C. Phillips’s The Logic Model Guidebook: Better Strategies for Great Results (2012) provides a comprehensive guide to planning and using logic models.(12)

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