Constitutional Forms and Some Legal Problems of International Military Command

It would be altogether inaccurate to suggest that international co-operation in military matters is of a recent origin.2 Unified command of the forces of several countries and collaboration in military undertakings are as old as alliances, and alliances are probably as old as war itself. But the history of agencies and instrumentalities for the co-ordination of the military efforts of allies probably dates from the establishment of the Supreme War Council and a unified command under Marshal Foch during the First World War.3 The years which followed the outbreak of the Second World War have witnessed an extremely rapid and fluid development of international institutions designed to permit the most effective utilization of military forces furnished by the co-operating states. It is now possible to distinguish several typical forms which actual and projected international military co-operation has taken over this period and to chart the general course oftheir development. The creation of these institutions has been productive of a wide range of constitutional and legal problems.

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