C. Bacteriological Warfare

The parties to the Geneva Protocol have agreed to a prohibition on “the use of bacteriological methods of warfare.” There can be no doubt about this prohibition’s embracing bacteriological methods of warfare against men, against animals, and against plants. The Polish delegate who proposed the addition of bacteriological methods of warfare to chemical ones in the Protocol drafted at the Geneva Conference of 1925 referred to the fact that “great masses of men, animals and plants would be exterminated” by bacteriological warfare. In the ensuing years no doubt has been expressed about the comprehensiveness of the prohibition. General Assembly Resolution 2603A of December 16, 1969, to which reference has previously been made, declared that the Protocol extends to any biological agents of warfare “which are intended to cause disease or death in man, animals or plants.” This interpretation has also been espoused by the United States Government.[1]

  • [1] Statement by T. R. Pickering, Deputy Director, Bureau ofPolitico-Military Affairs, Departmentof State, Hearings on Chemical-Biological Warfare Before the Subcommittee on National SecurityPolicy and Scientific Developments of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, 91st Cong., 1st Sess.,p. 173 at 179-180 (1969).
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