Article I Declaration of Rights

SECTION 1 Origin and Purpose of Government

All government, of right, originates with the people, is founded on their will alone, and is instituted to protect the rights of the individual and for the good of the whole. Its only legitimate ends are to secure justice for all, preserve peace, protect the rights, and promote the happiness and general welfare of the people. The rights enumerated in this Article are inalienable by the state and shall be preserved inviolate by the state.

Virtually a second preamble, this section continues the first section of the 1921 Constitution. One can expect the same dearth of litigation under the new section as under the prior provision. The committee did propose to add a last sentence stating that the rights in the declaration are “inalienable and shall be preserved inviolate." To indicate clearly that a person may waive rights, the convention changed the language to provide that the rights are “inalienable by the state and shall be preserved inviolate by the state"

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