Botanicals

The use of botanicals is particularly interesting. Although they have many health properties and their use is rooted in tradition, their application is currently problematic for the lack of a robust regulatory frame. Whereas in a few countries (Latin America,

Table 1.3.1.4 Botanicals in Dairy Products: Healthy Potential Effects.

Potential effect

Botanicals

Antioxidant

Acerola, pomegranate, red grapes, green tea, tomatoes, blueberry, cranberry, acai, rosemary, maqui, curcuma, olive (leaves)

Anti-inflammatory/j oint health

Curcuma

Cardiovascular health

Pomegranate, olive (leaves), cocoa extract, tomatoes

Digestive gut health

Curcuma, lemon balm, chamomile, mint

Energy

Ginseng, guarana, coffe berry, mate, cocoa extract

Stress management/mental concentration

Lemon balm, chamomile, ginseng, blueberry, passiflora

Australia and Canada) there are positive or negative lists of these ingredients, the evaluation process of claims on botanicals is still under way in the European community. Scientific grounding as well as quality, safety, and effectiveness requirements will have to be evaluated, together with the aspects associated to traditional use.

Table 1.3.1.4 sets out some botanicals together with their possible application in dairy products and their effects on health. Technologies must be properly developed to guarantee botanical's solubility, stability and bioavailability and to preserve their healthy properties.

The issues met by the nutraceutical industry to produce a curcuma extract with specific functional properties are reported here below as an example.

 
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