Constructing a Framework for National Drought Policy: The Way Forward
To cover the theme of constructing a framework for national drought policy: the way forward, a plenary session was held in which Dr. Roger Stone,
University of Southern Queensland, Australia, presented Constructing a Framework for National Drought Policy: The Way Forward—The Way Australia Developed and Implemented the National Drought Policy (Stone 2014), followed by comments from three discussants from China, Mexico, and the African Development Bank.
Following the plenary session, in order to facilitate broad-based discussion among the participants on the subject of constructing a framework for national drought policy: the way forward, six breakout groups were established to cover the following six regions: Africa, Asia, North America and Caribbean, South America, Southwest Pacific, and Europe. The following recommendations were made:
- • Understand the key climate drivers since the climate system links directly to farm cash income.
- • Recognize the key value in the use of crop simulation modeling in planning preparedness for agricultural droughts.
- • Government programs should help farmers to manage risk through appropriate decisions.
- • Promote cooperation, consultation, communication, evidence-based policy and timing, and partnerships between several organiza- tions—national and international, NGOs, private sector, and media.
- • Establish national campaigns with the participation of national services, academic, research, and cultural organizations.
- • Avoid duplication of efforts and resources.
- • Create regional meteorological and support systems.
- • Promote proactive response, especially for EWSs.
- • Establish a system that allows integrated management of the different resources, especially in the least developed countries (LDCs).
- • Emphasize dissemination of information to all users and in all languages.
- • Evaluate the different activities that compete for water usage.
- • Promote legislation dedicated to water resources usage and management.
- • Improve wastewater treatment systems.