Summary and Conclusions

There is growing evidence that the frequency and extent of drought has increased as a result of global warming. Crisis management has typically characterized governmental response to drought. This approach has been ineffective, leading to untimely and poorly coordinated responses. Hence, the HMNDP was organized by WMO, UNCCD, and FAO, in collaboration with a number of UN agencies, international and regional organizations, and key national agencies. HMNDP provided practical insight into useful science-based actions to address the key drought issues being considered by governments and the various strategies to cope with drought. The HMNDP declaration, adopted unanimously by the participants in the meeting, encourages all governments around the world to develop and implement national drought management policies, consistent with their national development laws, conditions, capabilities, and objectives.


Bryant, E. A. 1991. Natural Hazards. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hill, H., M. Hadarits, R. Rieger, G. Strickert, E. G. D. Davies, and K. M. Strobbe. 2014. The invitational drought tournament: What is it and why is it a useful tool for drought preparedness and adaptation? Weather and Climate Extremes 3:107-116.

Mehta, V. M., H. Wang, K. Mendoza, and N. J. Rosenberg. 2014. Predictability and prediction of decadal hydrologic cycles: A case study in Southern Africa. Weather and Climate Extremes 3:47-53.

Pulwarty, R. S., and M. V. K. Sivakumar. 2014. Information systems in a changing climate: Early warnings and drought risk management. Weather and Climate Extremes 3:14-21.

Sivakumar, M. V. K., R. P. Motha, D. A. Wilhite, and J. J. Qu, eds. 2011. Towards a Compendium on National Drought Policy. Proceedings of an Expert Meeting on the Preparation of a Compendium on National Drought Policy, July 14-15, Washington, DC, AGM-12, WAOB-2011. Geneva, Switzerland: World Meteorological Organization, pp. 135.

Sivakumar, M. V. K., R. Stefanski, M. Bazza, S. Zelaya, D. A. Wilhite, and A. R. Magalhaes. 2014. High level meeting on national drought policy: Summary and major outcomes. Weather and Climate Extremes 3:126-132.

Solh, M., and M. van Ginkel. 2014. Drought preparedness and drought mitigation in the developing world's drylands. Weather and Climate Extremes 3:62-66.

Stone, R. C. 2014. Constructing a framework for national drought policy: The way forward—The way Australia developed and implemented the national drought policy. Weather and Climate Extremes 3:117-125.

Tannehill, I. R. 1947. Drought, its Causes and Effects. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Wilhite, D. A., M. V. K. Sivakumar, and R. Pulwarty. 2014. Managing drought risk in a changing climate: The role of national drought policy. Weather and Climate Extremes 3:4-13.

< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >