Step 10: Evaluate and Revise National Drought Management Policy and Supporting Preparedness Plans

The tenets of a national drought policy and each of the preparedness or mitigation plans that serve as the implementation instruments of the policy require periodic evaluation and revision in order to incorporate new technologies, lessons learned from recent drought events, changes in vulnerability, and so forth. The final step in the policy development and preparedness process is to create a detailed set of procedures to ensure an adequate evaluation of the successes and failures of the policy and the preparedness plans at all levels. Oversight of the evaluation process would be provided by the NDPC, but the specific actions taken and outcomes exercised in the drought-affected states or provinces would need to have the active involvement of those specific drought task forces. The policy and preparedness process must be dynamic; otherwise, the policies and plans will quickly become outdated. Periodic testing, evaluation, and updating of the drought policy are needed to keep the plan responsive to the needs of the country, states, and key sectors. To maximize the effectiveness of the system, two modes of evaluation must be in place: ongoing and post-drought.

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