Interministerial Commission for the Attention of Drought and Flooding (IC)
The creation of the IC, which also helped to organize and coordinate efforts for the ongoing drought, had important implications for policy implementation. The fact that it was convened at the beginning of a new federal administration was extremely important, since it helped to generate a different approach to the policy shift.
The Commission was installed in April 2013 and included 14 secretariats and federal offices. The IC was chaired by the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT). Other members of the IC included the Secretariat of the Interior (SEGOB); Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA); Secretariat of the Navy (SEMAR); Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP); Secretariat of Social Development (SEDESOL); Secretariat of Energy (SENER); Secretariat of Economy (SE); Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA); Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT); Secretariat of Health (SALUD); Secretariat of Rural, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU); Electricity Federal Commission (CFE); and the National Water Commission (CONAGUA) as the executive secretariat.
One of the first tasks of the commission was to install a committee to review all the federal programs that might have an impact on drought. This exercise led to the identification of 114 programs, and 19 of those were reviewed together with the two funding protocols from SEGOB to address drought impacts: FONDEN and Preventive Trusteeship (FIPREDEN). They were examined in detail to determine if they needed to be reorganized or modified to avoid duplication and enhance efficiency of federal actions to handle drought (OMM 2013). Modification of the programs' rules of operation is the next step to align them with the new approach (CONAGUA 2014).
Another responsibility of the IC was to create a technical experts' committee to provide counseling for and evaluation of the PRONACOSE activities and to discuss and propose research needed to strengthen understanding of drought. Also, all the federal secretariats agreed to provide research funding for selected topics. The agenda was approved in early 2015.
The IC also served as the coordination tool for all the mitigation activities that the federal government implemented during the last part of the long drought.