Policy Instruments

The implementation of PRONACOSE requires a specific schedule and scope, goals and phases, coordination, follow-up mechanisms, evaluation, and updates. The IC is the coordination instrument. The experts committee will help evaluate the programs reviewed by every watershed council. The goal is to update the PMPMS at least once after their first implementation.

The main goal of the program is to implement a policy shift conceived by the federal administration. This includes the elaboration of the first version of the PMPMS and its continued evaluation and improvement. Another key element is to make sure that the PRONACOSE becomes part of the national civil protection system (SNPC), particularly for the early warning system. This system is already in place for flooding, but the distinct characteristics of drought events make it harder to call for emergency preparedness meetings and protocols, as is done for flooding events. Currently, the SNPC works for mitigation activities and emergency response when drought impacts are affecting communities, and the challenge is to utilize the early warning system at different stages to initiate preparedness and reduce vulnerability.

During the first phase of the PRONACOSE implementation, which will last 1 year, the first version of the 26 basin PMPMS will be completed, the IC will be in full operation, and the basic training and agreements with watershed council members will be completed. The second phase, which spans a 2-year period, includes the elaboration of the first PMPMS for two cities (water utilities) and one irrigation district in each basin, the research agenda definition and development of vulnerability evaluation criteria, a media campaign to present and publicize information about the PMPMS, and the beginning of interaction with the SNPC to implement early warning protocols for the different basins.

The third and fourth phases are designed to evaluate and update the PMPMS and develop more PMPMS at the water utilities and irrigation districts level, as well as to coordinate with the SNPC to integrate Mexico's National Atlas of Risks with drought information on vulnerabilities and protocols to be utilized by the IC. The fifth and sixth phases are intended for evaluation of the NDP, implementation of revised PMPMS, and institutional adjustment of federal, state, and municipal governments' programs to be aligned with the new policy.

The implementation of the PRONACOSE is in its third year. By the middle of the second phase, all PMPMS had been completed, and most of the PMPMS intended for at least two water utilities per basin were finished. Also, all of the institutional coordination and advisory mechanisms are working, including the IC, the committee to review the budget alignment of the federal programs to the PRONACOSE criteria. More than 20 federal programs out of 102 related to drought-addressing activities are aligned to the priorities established in the PMPMS. Also, the experts committee defined the research agenda, which was approved by the IC with consensus about the topics to receive funding from several secretariats, and the early monitoring system has been implemented.

 
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