Summary and Outlook
There is no doubt that the risk of droughts and their impacts will continue to require systematic attention by researchers and policymakers alike in the coming years. This will be the case not only in the Czech Republic but throughout central Europe. Collaboration on this topic with neighboring countries is both economical and necessary. For example, the networked monitoring and warning system for agricultural droughts in central Europe (http://www.drought.cz) currently serves both the Czech and Slovak republics. This is a no-cost/no-project mutual collaboration between the Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Brno (CzechGlobe) and the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute in Bratislava. The Slovak partner provides meteorological data and expertise and communicates information to Slovakian stakeholders, while CzechGlobe continues to run the monitoring system itself as well as the preparation of current status and forecast maps. This mutual collaboration in sharing know-how and data provides tangible benefits to both sides and can serve as a suitable model for other regions. Plans exist to share the methodology and knowhow between institutions across the region (Figure 22.10), including the status of vegetation (provided by CzechGlobe) and a Soil Water Index (provided by the Technical University in Vienna via Copernicus). It would be ideal in the near future to develop comprehensive systems to provide overviews of meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological drought status and forecasts, and their impacts for the region. Close collaboration is required not only in the field of drought monitoring but also in the preparation and implementation of drought plans. The exchange of experience is not only economical and efficient but necessary as well, since any measures implemented to respond to a drought event can have consequences for all countries in the region.
(a) Example of the drought forecast using ensemble of five numerical weather prediction models. Forecast was issued on January 10, 2017. The forecast is presently available for n+9 days. (b) Probabilistic forecast of normal or higher than normal soil moisture levels for 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks, issued on January 9, 2017.
(a) Soil water index for September 25, 2016 and (b) corresponding two maps of vegetation status on October 2 based on Enhanced Vegetation Index anomaly from 2000 to 2015 values (Terra-MODIS satellite).