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International Status

Even though the irrigation systems are meant for the farmers, the countries around the world have promoted the development of irrigation, projects primarily through the involvement of their governments. Only in 1960s and 1970s, several countries started providing incentives to their farmers to take over the management of operations and maintenance, leaving the government organizations to concentrate on the main system. During 1970s and 1980s, the work on irrigation systems' management in participatory mode involving farmers began in many countries, like United States of America, Japan, Italy, Mexico, Columbia, South Korea, Vietnam, Indonesia, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, The Philippines, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Jordan, Morocco, Senegal, and. Tanzania, with varying degrees of success. The United States of America, Philippines, Mexico, and Turkey have developed their own models of involving farmers' organizations in the operation, fee collection, maintenance, and management of either complete irrigation projects or part of the systems commensurate with their political and socio-economic environment; (Singh, 1998). The review on irrigation development gives an account of the efforts to accelerate people's participation in irrigation system development and management.

 
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