ADOPTERS AND NON-ADOPTERS
All the adopters of LI Scheme are members of Co-operative society. The adopters are mainly small, medium, and marginal farmers. Non adopters are those who are financially weak and low motivated farmers who either lease out their land to the large farmers and they get the one third of the produce from the cultivator. There are 10 women farmers on the LI scheme. Women farmers are facing difficult in cultivating land due to many reasons like new agricultural practices and financial difficulties.
IMPORTANCE OF LIFT IRRIGATION ON LIVELIHOODS OF ADOPTERS AND NON-ADOPTERS
The impact can be summarized as given below :
- • Social Sustainability in which the marginal farmers start playing important role in the day to activities in decision making process.
- • Financial Sustainability, which the tribal farmers got through the LI Scheme, by increasing the incomes.
- • Under the Technical Sustainability, promotion of indigenous and new technologies with respect for and sensitivity to existing practices, strong and targeted capacity building programme.
- • Asset generation and human capital development, level of participation and expansion of choice.
- • Stability of the farming system increases the freedom of farmers to take decision regarding the crop pattern (Cash Vs. Subsistence Crop or Market or Subsistence Crop).
- • The farmer also has the facility of Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee to sell their produce in a regulated market.
- • Families and households have been enable to fulfill social and family obligations such as marriage of children, providing hospitability to household/village and community guests.
There have also been general improvements related to heath, sanitation, housing, common facilities as also an improvement in the level of food security especially for the marginalized groups in the village. Feeling of empowerment, general, improvements in self esteem, confidence, and ability to innovate. Reduction in the social distance between groups of different social status, feelings of social isolation both within the community, as well as with reference to the wider world has decreased. The community has become more socially inclusive, with greater interaction between members of different social categories. It was also observed in order to educate their children, some women farmers who leased out their land, sending the children to school to educate them, which reveal's the level of awareness about the importance of education.
The Economic impact could be traced out to the extent that their incomes have increased considerably, with supplementary income by Animal Husbandry which has made them to afford many basic things to their life such as an vehicle, RCC House, Telephone, etc. To conclude, the LI Scheme has revolutionized the livelihoods of tribal farmers by giving them social and economic status in the society for further progress.