Menu
Home
Log in / Register
 
Home arrow Environment arrow Irrigation resources
Source

Programmes for Development of Wastelands

DPAP : Drought prone Area Programme was the first major programme aimed at land development and soil and moisture conservation in drought prone areas. It was introduced in 1973-74. Anantapur district is one among the five districts selected under DPAP with World Bank's financial assistance. Later from the year 1985, the Government of India continued the programme with central and state share. Currently it is being implementing in 971 blocks in 16 states.

DDP : The desert development programme, which was introduced 1977-78, is being implemented in 7 states and covers 234 Blocks in 40 districts. Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh covers all its blocks under DDP scheme.

Table 3. Wasteland statistics and indicators of poverty and food insecurity - in India

S.N.

State

Deficit in food production

Percen

tage

waste

land

Percentage below poverty line

Rural in fracture index (%)

Rural literacy (%)2001

1

Andhra Pradesh

1.16

18.81

15.92

42.30

55.33

2

Assam

1.29

25.52

45.01

74.60

60.92

3

Bihar

1.55

5.90

56.93

99.20

44.42

4

Chhattisgarh

0.42

7.53

44.38

60.00

76.23

5

Gujarat

1.74

21.95

22.18

30.80

58.53

6

Haryana

0.33

8.45

28.02

34.90

64.00

7

Himachal Pradesh

0.76

56.87

30.34

11.80

74.38

8

Karnataka

1.11

10.87

29.88

35.80

60.00

9

Kerala

3.99

3.73

25.76

39.70

90.05

10

Jharkhand

3.70

18.89

62.00

80.00

46.26

11

Madhya Pradesh

1.12

19.31

42.05

57.40

58.10

12

Maharashtra

1.27

17.38

37.93

32.40

71.00

13

Orissa

1.13

13.71

49.72

64.60

66.44

14

Punjab

0.16

4.42

11.95

37.70

65.00

15

Rajasthan

1.25

30.87

26.46

56.90

56.00

16

Tamil Nadu

1.18

17.70

32.48

31.40

67.00

17

Uttar Pradesh

0.94

9.40

44.54

84.10

54.00

18

Uttaranchal

0.85

30.27

24.98

70.00

61.00

19

West Bengal

1.18

6.44

40.80

89.90

64.00

IWDP : Integrated Wasteland Development Programmes started in 1989-90 seeks to develop Government wastelands and CPRs, based on micro plans at village level. The IWDP is aimed at overall economic conditions of resources poor population.

NWDPRA : National Watershed Development Project for Rain fed Areas (NWDPRA) initial in 1990-91, has twin objectives of improving agriculture production in rainfed areas and to restore ecological balance.

NABARD : In order to channelise greater resources, for rainfed areas, the watershed development funds was set up in 2000-01 at the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) with corpus fund of Rs. 200 Crores. Andhra Pradesh is one of the recipient states of this fund for rainfed areas development, on watershed basis, through participatory approach.

Table 4. Wasteland statistics and indicators of poverty and marginalization - Andhra Pradesh

S. No.

District

Incidence of poverty (poor %)

Wasteland

(%)

Small and Marginal holdings (%)

1

Adilabad

53.10

15.23

54.00

2

Anantapur

50.00

16.90

63.70

3

Chittoor

61.10

38.76

90.00

4

Kadapa

43.10

29.93

84.60

5

East Godavari

28.60

13.41

55.40

6

Guntur

33.00

14.72

87.20

7

Karimnagar

43.20

12.43

84.20

8

Kammam

41.70

10.90

68.30

9

Krishna

29.40

10.56

90.10

10

Kurnool

41.70

21.97

67.00

11

Mahaboobnagar

52.80

13.54

67.20

12

Medak

48.80

11.73

74.20

13

Nalgonda

46.60

12.14

74.00

14

Nellore

49.70

37.61

97.80

15

Nizamabad

41.00

18.70

82.40

16

Prakasham

37.80

21.46

87.80

17

Rangareddy

47.80

19.50

67.90

18

Srikakulam

53.10

18.89

92.20

19

Visakhapatnam

45.90

28.24

74.70

20

Vizayanagaram

51.30

20.63

85.80

21

Warangal

43.20

11.63

80.80

22

West Godavari

35.70

4.38

71.00

 
Source
Found a mistake? Please highlight the word and press Shift + Enter  
< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >
 
Subjects
Accounting
Business & Finance
Communication
Computer Science
Economics
Education
Engineering
Environment
Geography
Health
History
Language & Literature
Law
Management
Marketing
Mathematics
Political science
Philosophy
Psychology
Religion
Sociology
Travel