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Working group

The Working Group on ''Watershed Development' Rain fed Farming and Natural Resource Management constituted for the 10th Plan projected that 107 million hectare of land were subject to degradation, of which 88.5 million hectare would have to be treated under watershed programs during 10th to 13th Plans.

Table 1. Wasteland Development Program During 10th to 13th Five Year Plans

Five Year Plan

Area

covered

million

hectare

Esti

mated

Cost

Rs/ha

Total cost Rs million

Cost

sharing

Ratio

By Center By States By People Rs Rs Rs million million million

10th Plan [2002-07]

15.0

5000-7000

90,000

50:25:25

45,000

22,500

22,500

11th Plan [2007-12]

20.0

6000-8000

140,000

40:30:30

56,000

42,000

42,000

12th Plan [2012-17]

25.0

7500-9500

21,250

30:30:40

63,750

63,750

85,000

13th Plan [2017-22]

28.5

900011000

285,000

25:25:50

71,250

71,250

142,500

Total

88.5

727,500

236,000

199,500

292,000

New approach

The integrated Wasteland Development Program is being implemented since 1st April, 1995 on the basis of new guidelines for watershed development recommended by the Hanumantha Rao Committee, which envisages the bottom up approach whereby the Users Group themselves decide their work program. It aims at creating a scenario where the Government acts as a facilitator and the people at the grass root level become the real executioner of the program. Its strength lies in the flexibility approach followed in the method of release of funds, the area to be covered in each watershed as well as choice of components. It attempts to make the projects sustainable by establishing watershed development fund and involving people in deciding equity issues and usufruct sharing mechanism. It is not just a technical project but encompasses a social program as well. It, inter alia, emphasizes on greater flexibility in

implementation, well defined role for State, district and village level institutions, removal of overlaps, a greater role for women, an effective role for the PRIs, involving Self-Help-Groups comprising rural poor, especially those belonging to SC/ST categories, seeking credit from financial institutions, transparency in implementation and most effective use of remote sensing data furnished by the National Remote Sensing Agency.

 
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