Since it is the man who is primarily responsible for degradation of environment, regeneration and conservation can only be possible by creating awareness and seeking participation of the people who inhabit the watershed. The entire watershed community should be involved to implement IWDP and maintain the assets created to ensure sustainability. It emphasizes that the IWDP would have to become a people's movement in order to succeed. It is people's own program, which aims at giving terms of project implementation and fund disbursal. Its implementation seeks to empower people so that sense of collective responsibility can be included among them. It aims at decentralized decision making process by involving local people, PRIs, NGOs Government departments and watershed community at the grass root level and promotion of locally available low cost technology.
The new approach, also, recognizes the need to involve the community as a necessary condition for the sustainability of the program. Activities under the community organization include organizing Self Help Groups and User Groups, Participatory Rural Appraisal exercise, awareness camps, exposure, visits and programs on literacy, family welfare, social services, income generating activities etc. giving small contributions to SHGs or other village institutions like Mahila mandals, Youth clubs, Anganwadis which are considered important for people's participation. Effective community organization is important to establish credibility of the Watershed Development Team and create rapport with the village community who is ultimately going to own and implement the program even after withdrawing the Government machinery. In short, peoples participation and community organization is primarily sought to establish a system under which village people can actually involve themselves in planning, implementation and monitoring of watershed development programs.