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WHAT TO DO ?

Peoples participation and community organization need to be made very effective to ensure proper planning, implementation and monitoring so as to achieve quantitative and qualitative objectives of the programs.

Table 2. Degraded Lands Developed Since Inception up to the Tenth Five Year Plan [Area : million hectare : Expenditure : Rs. million]

S.N.

Scheme

Year of start

Area Upto 8th Plan

Expend upto i 8th Plan

Area upto l 9th Plan

Expend Up to 9th Plan

Total Area Up to 10th Plan

Expand

upto

10th

Plan

A : MoA

1

NWDPRA

1990-91

4.233

9679.3

6.979

18777.4

9.309

30255.6

2

RVP & FPR

1962 & 81

3.889

8199.5

5.488

15612.6

6.486

22442.4

3

WDPSCA

1974-75

0.074

937.3

0.258

1662.7

0.393

2955.8

4

RAS

1985-86

0.484

622.9

0.581

763.9

0.711

1217.4

5

WDF

1999-00

0.059

260.2

6

EAPs

1.00

6460.0

1.335

20398.1

1.815

39673.5

Subtotal

14.641

56764.7

18.773

96804.9

B : MoRD

1

DPAP

1973-74

6.86

11099.5

6.895

32847.4

13.727

48425.0

2

DDP

1977-78

0.848

7227.9

3.356

7973.8

7.873

19498.8

3

IWDP

1988-89

0.284

2161.6

3.734

6165.1

9.956

24381.5

4

EAPs

0.140

183.9

0.50

2926.7

Subtotal

14.125

47170.2

32.056

95232.0

C : MoE & F

NAEP

1989-90

0.070

475.3

0.070

475.3

Total

17.672

46388.0

28.836

104410.2

50.899

192512.2

Program wise comprehensive evaluation by an independent professional team needs to be conducted at the end of each plan period to assess improved productivity of wastelands, improved availability of fuel wood and fodder, increase in water table, reduction in migration, improvement of economic status of the people, cost benefit ratio and rate of return on investment.

There is need to develop policies, which would result in the best use and sustainable management of land and water resources so as to prevent and becoming degraded and waste.

In order to formulate an appropriate plans for treatment of degraded ands a complete census of degraded or wasteland, its location, extent of area, ownership, the vegetative cover currently available and the biological physical and chemical properties of land needs to be done.

Since there are a number of schemes for the development of wasteland/degraded lands, a MIS with clearly defined benchmarks needs to be designed to get a realistic picture of the targets assigned, progress achieved and the tasks ahead.

The corporate sector may need to be involved in restoring wastelands and reclaiming degraded lands for which financial resources be channeled through involvement of financial institutions.

In collaboration with the NRSA, the Department of Land Reforms has released a wasteland Atlas of India in March 2000 indicating district level information on 13 categories of wastelands, which should be updated periodically with annual status of land records.

Proper technical advice on the reclamation of wasteland and on improving biological potential should be indicated in the Soil Health Passbook issued to farmers.

Conclusion

The United Nations has designated year 2008 as the international Year of Planet Earth and is celebrating it during the Triennium 2007-09. The event coincides with the launching of 11th plan.

Let all of us commit to protect and preserve our precious land, water and environment through all possible preventive and curative measures.

 
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