The major constraints limiting the productivity in rainfed farming
- • High risk in cropping due to weather aberrations :
- • Land degradation due to water wind erosion leading to depletion fertility.
- • Slow rate of adoption of new technologies due to inherent risk.
- • Low public investments on farm related infrastructure.
- • Poor socio-economic base of the farmers.
Due to these constraints, the yield gap between the research station and farmers fields remains high. Most of the improved rainfed farming technologies are presently centered around resource management (efficient use of soils and rainwater) and best results from such technologies can come through community adoption. Therefore, technologies for improvement of rainfed areas are implemented through watershed concept. The early successful models of watershed development could not be upscaled on large scale due to several weakness in the adoption strategy. Though a number of expert reviews, these weaknesses are being overcome and from Xth plan onwards, a new strategy based on increased people's participation has emerged which is likely to get a boost in XI plan through the proposed National Rainfed Areas Authority (NRAA).
However, climatic risks, poor credit availability and price fluctuations avenue to constrain the progress in rainfed farming.