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Watershed Programme

Though Government of India have been spending annually about Rs. 10,000 crore on this programme in India in rainfed areas, the desired results have not been achieved due to non/low participation of farmers in this programme. The programme is common in India irrespective of rainfall and its distribution, soil conditions, cropping programme, socio economic conditions of farmers etc. This programme has been found to be beneficial during normal rainfall years but has no solution during the drought years and particularly it has not given any solution during this prolonged drought spell year during sowing period itself. Hence there is a need to change the programme in relation to structures etc. It generally requires more emphasis on in situ moisture conservation techniques in low and normal rainfall regions. In slightly more rainfall areas, farm ponds, percolation tanks/wells, soil conservation methods etc. are to be suggested. In high rainfall areas irrigation tanks are preferred in addition to soil conservation techniques.

In addition, suitable varieties of crops based on different climatic conditions should be evolved and made available to farmers. Whenever confirgency plan is prepared, farmer should be supported with resources for following suitable and profitable cropping programmes. Hence research should be focused to address to meet the aberrant weather situation in dryland agriculture. Soil and water conservation structures should be planned based on soil, rainfall, cropping programmes and socioeconomic conditions in the area.

 
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