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Alternate Land Use Farming Systems

As soil in drylands are varied and even marginal land are brought under plough, there is a need to grow crops based on land capability classification, nutrient position, water holding capacity, natural factors such as wild animals, socio-economic conditions of a farmer and group of farmers etc. Thus suitable arable crops, orchards plantations, pasture etc. are to be decided/suggested considering all factors for feasible proposition so as to harvest highest returns from same piece of land, as the scope to expand the area under arable crops diversified farming systems can be followed based on resources available.

Soil and Water Conservation

As degradation of soil is a crux of the problem in India and it is severe in dryland farming areas, there is a need to suggest suitable soil and water conservation techniques based on rainfall and its distribution, intensity of rainfall, runoff, soil type and condition, participatory attitude of farmers socio-economic conditions of farmers and so on. It should be made as people's programme through extension education methods. These methods should be cost-effective. Vegetative barriers may be cheaper and sustainable than mechanical measures which are not only costly investment but also costly in maintenance. Investment on water grass channel, plantations, growing pastures/grass on waste/barren lands etc would reduce the runoff. Thus greenery may be encouraged to minimize soil erosion in addition to minimum and low cost soil and water conservation structures in arid and semi-arid regions.

 
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