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Though share of agricultural income in national income may be low, agricultural development is the indication of national prosperity and peace maintenance in the society. For the past 10-15 years, the agriculture are stagnant due to many factors including drought spells, lack of break through in seed improvement, high cost of inputs, stagnant prices for agricultural products, increased wage rates, exploitation by traders, market policies and so on. The cost of production per unit produce (say quintal or ton) is higher in drylands compared to irrigated areas but it is higher in India compared to advanced countries. Hence Indian agricultural products are not competing in international market under liberalization, privatization and globalization of World Trade Policy. Thus Indian agriculture suffers from all angles from production, price, marketing, processing etc. Hence Government may evolve such policies for benefiting farmers who can be made to compete in the world market.

As in drylands same crop is grown every year, it reduces the yield and this has been observed in Andhra Pradesh in case of groundnut. Hence crop rotation is a must in drylands for effective utilization of resources.

Green-leaf manuring, which has been in vogue, has been loosing its importance due to costly in application because higher wages of labour etc. Suitable and fast growing bushy leafy plants may be developed and planted on bunds in drylands so as to cut and incorporate in the soil for enrichment of soil fertility in drylands.

The above methods are to be popularized due to dwindling Farm Yard Manure position in India gradually because of decline in maintenance of livestock by the cultivators based on different socio-maintaining present ecosystem. To minimize the risk of crop failure, different crops in different combinations can be grown. Crops such as intercropping/ sequence cropping, agro-forestry, horticultural plantations/ crops may be decided and grown accordingly. Based on the resources availability and utilization, different farming systems such as dairy, goatry, poultry, sheep rearing, rabittry, duckery, piggery, vegetable farming, floriculture, sericulture, horticulture plantations etc. are to be practiced for effective utilization of resources so as to maximize profits under dynamic situation, as aged practices which is static and stagnant profit maximization technique gave a path to dynamic profit maximization to withstand in ever growing technology process and needs of people. Thus revolutionary changes are required in Indian agriculture and more so in dryland agriculture where.

Even rural/cottage industries can also be developed in rural areas through marketing of such products viz., making of soaps, pickels, detergents, ropes, squashes, juices, jam, jelly and so on. Thus employment can also be provided through alternative enterprises in rural area. This will stop the migration of people from rural areas to town or cities or greenery areas.

It can be conducted that agriculture can be developed through evolving and supplying improved on hybrid seeds educating farmers in bio-fertilizers. Vermi-compost, indigenous plant protection measures, supplying chemical fertilizers and pesticides at cheaper rate, providing service community centres for machanization of agriculture, development of market infrastructure and trade policies, making the farmers selfreliant through evolved and acceptable policies or techniques and so on.

Thus age - old and stagnant growth of profit maximization should be given to path to dynamic growth profit maximization process so as to make agriculture sustainable and competitive in the world.

 
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