Initiatives by SLEM Projects in India
With the support of the Sustainable Land and Ecosystem Management (SLEM), Technical facilitation Organization and its partners have taken up socio economic as one of the key issues which include Poverty,
Malnutrition, Agricultural GDP and livestock. The main focus of the SLEM projects has always been to the support the target groups in taking up activities for land management and subsequently improving the socioeconomic condition. The partners have developed alternative land management strategies, often based on land use practices that rest on local knowledge and local traditions that have stood the test of time. Many of these approaches have achieved noteworthy successes. However, these successes are often not published and need to be brought to the attention of colleagues in other countries as well as policy makers. SLEM- CPP is devoted to the analysis and publication of these cases and supports the exchange of learning experiences amongst the national as well as global context. The project Partners of SLEM-CPP have documented various case studies which has improved the living condition with the introduction of improved sustainable livelihood.
SLEM has apply ''options analysis'' for land management where different possible solutions are explored for their effectiveness in addressing the causes and impacts of land degradation as well as improving the standard of living of the poor. Key questions are : why do land users employ inappropriate practices, or what inhibits them from applying more appropriate technologies? Frequently, resource users are aware of degradation but are not in a position to rectify it, often due to political and economic circumstances e.g. insecure land tenure, misuse of subsidies and incentives, market price distortions, etc. These complementary paths help to form solutions from political, technical and economic perspectives. The complex interrelated causes of or contributors to land degradation must be identified to effectively design remedial interventions. Activities to be considered must also include those which support training and education; improve knowledge, local planning procedures and land management skills; create awareness; enhance institutional development; and address pertinent policy issues. Such measures would ensure that the work done to combat land degradation is not reversed because people and governments continue in their old practices, but that they would acquire new knowledge and skills, and make policy improvements.
Several tools are available to assess the costs and impacts of land degradation and the changes and benefits of implementing SLM. These would aid more informed decision making and strategic planning regarding the approach to SLM that should be taken. These include assessing ecosystem services and economic valuation. A major component common to all the projects working on SLM is the emphasis on capacity building and inter agency integration of functions and activities to address several of the barriers listed above.
- • A framework for action
- • Improving land use
- • Involving the people participation
- • Developing local and national programme integrated with land management and socio-economic parameters
- • Strengthening State/Regional/District level Institution dealing with land management issues.
- • Coordinating international action
Some of the case studies included below which has focused on the land management and social and economic improvement by changing the pattern of practice and knowledge.