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The Problems of unirrigated agriculture

The important problems in unirrigated agricultural are explored by reviewing the relevant literature of the subject. In addition, it examples the role of economic and social policies, area development programs, infrastructural investments and provides the measures for promoting sustainable unirrigated agricultural development.

Unstable Production

Unirrigated agriculture is often characterized by high variability of production outcomes or, production risk. Unlike most other farming systems, farmers are not able to predict with certainty the amount of output that the production process will yield due to external factors such as weather, pests, and diseases. Farmers can also be hindered by adverse events during harvesting or threshing that result in production losses. However, unirrigate agricultural farmers have developed various coping strategies to insulate themselves from income risk, at least to a certain degree. As a result, even if individual crop yields vary greatly across year's farmers incomes may not, so increased yield variability of HYVs is not necessarily a deterrent to adoption. Due to the frequent crop failure, the farmers in unirrigated agriculture need to involve plough, seeding and manure practices within the single season.

 
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