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Conclusion

Predominantly agricultural states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh, have generally unprogressive traditional agriculture. Agriculture over the greater parts of the country, still works as a shock absorber for seasonal frictional and technological unemployment generated in the non-agricultural sectors. The agricultural sector of a country is particularly influenced by physical factors like the topography, type of soils climate, and rainfall. Though these projects involve high investment the results will be fruitful and India may turn as supreme power in the world. It is said "Indian economy gambles with monsoon. This can be changed when Ganga and Cauvery are linked.

Table 1. Area irrigated by Sources in India

Sources of Irrigation

1950-51

1999-2000

Area*

Percentage

Area*

Percentage

Canals

8.3

40

18.0

31.5

Wells and tube wells

6.0

29

33.6

58.7

Tanks

3.6

17

2.7

4.7

Others Sources

3.0

14

2.9

5.1

Total

20.9

100

57.2

100.0

* Million hectares; Source : CSO, Statistical Abstract 2002.

Table 2. Some of Multi Power River Valley Project in India

Project

Across the River

Benefited State

1. Damodar

Damodar

West Bengal, Bihar

2. Hireakud

Mahanadhi

Orissa

3. Bhakna Nangal

Sutlej

Punjab, Haryana

4. Tungabadra

Tungabadra

Andhra Pradesh Karnataka

5. Kosi

Kosi

Bihar

6. Chambal

Chambal

Madhya Pradesh

7. Mayurakshi

Mayurakshi

West Bengal

8. Nagarjuna Sagar

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

REFERENCES

1. V.K.R.V. Rao, Dr. Panse Memorial Lecture on, New challenged before

Indian Agriculture.

  • 2. B.D. Dhawan, Irrigation in India's Agricultural Development.
  • 3. Indian Economy, Ruddar Datt & K.P.M. Sundharam.
 
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