Social thinking and interpersonal behavior

Social Thinking and Interpersonal Behavior Classical Theories and Contemporary ApproachesSOME HiSTORiCAL REFLECTiONS: iNTERPERSONAL BEHAViOR THEN AND NOWClassical Approaches Linking Social Thinking and Interpersonal BehaviorCulture and the IndividualTHE SOCiAL COGNiTiVE APPROACHFROM SOCiAL THiNKiNG TO iNTERPERSONAL BEHAViOR?CURRENT TRENDS iN iNTERPERSONAL SOCiAL COGNiTiONTHE PRESENT VOLUMESection I: Evolutionary Influences on Social Thinking and BehaviorSection II: Automatic Mechanisms Linking Social Cognition and BehaviorSection III: Cognitive and Affective MechanismsSection IV: Social and Cultural Factors in Social Thinking and Interpersonal BehaviorCONCLUSIONSREFERENCESEvolutionary Influences on Social Cognition and BehaviorEconomic Subselves Fundamental Motives and Deep RationalityECONS VERSUS HUMANS VERSUS MORONSLife History Theory: Economics Isn’t All About MoneySubselves and Fundamental MotivesDisease AvoidanceMate AcquisitionMate RetentionDISTINCTIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENT MOTIVATIONAL SUBSELVESECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE MOTIVATIONAL SYSTEMSINDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE LINKS BETWEEN MATING AND CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTIONLOSS AVERSiON BY DOMAiNSCONCLUSION: RATIONALITY, IRRATIONALITY, AND DEEP RATIONALITY REVISITEDREFERENCESError Management and the Evolution of Cognitive BiasERROR MANAGEMENT THEORYBIASES iN MATiNGSexual Overperception by MenCommitment Underperception by WomenOther Mating-Related BiasesBIASES FOR AVOiDiNG DANGEROUS PEOPLEPrejudice Against Out-GroupsAvoiding Sick PeopleBIASES FOR NAVIGATING THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTThe Social Exchange HeuristicThe Negativity Bias in AttributionDiFFERENTiAL EVOCATiON OF BiASMen’s Sexual Overperception Is Affected by Women’s AttractivenessWomen’s Commitment Underperception Is Affected by Fertility StatusPerceptions of Coerciveness and Commitment Vary Across the Ovulatory CyclePrejudice Against Out-Groups Is Increased by VulnerabilityThe Social Exchange Heuristic Varies With Culture and Subtle Surveillance CuesRECENT CHALLENGES TO EMTCONCLUSIONREFERENCESSelf-Deception to Deceive OthersDECEPTION AND SELF-DECEPTIONSELF-DECEPTION IN SERVICE OF SOCIAL ADVANCEMENTVARIETIES OF SELF-DECEPTIONAmount of SearchingSelective SearchingSelective AttentionBiased InterpretationMisrememberingRationalizationConvincing the Self That an Untruth Is TruePRELIMINARY EVIDENCE FOR SELFDECEPTION TO DECEIVE OTHERSCONCLUSIONREFERENCESA Systemic Approach to Impression Formation From Verbal to Multimodal ProcessesA MULTIMODAL ViEW OF SOCiAL COGNITION AND Its Implications FOR iNTERPERSONAL Proximity AND AFFILIATIONBackgroundThermal, Olfactory, and Spatial StimuliThermal Stimuli and Their ImpactSpatial Stimuli and Their ImpactOlfactory Stimuli and Their ImpactTheoretical PerspectivesA Systemic Investigation of the Multimodal Grounding of Interpersonal RelationshipsCONCLUSIONSREFERENCESAutomatic Mechanisms Linking Social Cognition and BehaviorExploring the Relation Between Motivation and Intuition GOAL PURSUIT CAN OPERATE UNCONSCiOUSLYGOALS AND ATTENTiONGOALS AND ACCESSiBiLiTYGOALS, NEEDS, AND iNTUiTiONGOAL STRENGTH AND INTUITIONCONCLUSIONSREFERENCESMoving Through Time Mental Time Travel and Social BehaviorMENTAL TiME TRAVELA CASE STUDYPAST AND FUTURE THINKINGNEURAL CORRELATES OF MTTTHiNKiNG ABOUT TiMESPACE-TIME METAPHORSSPACE-TIME COGNITIONMOVEMENT AND MTTMOUSE-TRACKINGSWAYING iN TimeSPACE TRAVEL AND TiME TRAVELCONCLUSIONSREFERENCESHow Do Emotions Move Us?: Embodied and Disembodied Influences of Affect and Emotions on Social Thinking and Interpersonal BehaviorPROPOSiTiONAL MODELS OF EMOTiON PERCEPTiON AND REPRESENTATiONEMBODIED REPRESENTATION OF EMOTION KNOWLEDGEEVIDENCE FOR EMBODiED MODELS FROM NONEMOTiONAL DOMAiNSOMATiC iNVOLVEMENT iN EMOTiONAL WORD PROCESSiNGEMBODiMENT OF FACiAL EMOTiONSMIMICRY AS EMBODIED SOCIAL COGNITIONEMBODIMENT AS A TOOL FOR IMPROVED SOCIAL BEHAVIORCONCLUSIONREFERENCESFacial Politics Political Judgment Based on LooksTHE ROLE OF LOOKS iN PERSON PERCEPTiONThe Role of Looks in Political ElectionsSummaryACCURACY IN PERSON PERCEPTION WITH MINIMAL INFORMATION AND ITS IMPORTANCE FOR SUCCESSFUL INTERPERSONAL INTERACTIONLearning to Identify Political Attitudes From Interpersonal EncountersEmpirical Evidence for Detecting Political Ideology From LooksRelative Interpersonal DiscriminationAbsolute Interpersonal DiscriminationIntergroup DiscriminationWhat Drives the Perception of Political Attitudes?So What?REFERENCESCognitive and Affective Mechanisms Field and Observer Perspectives in Autobiographical MemoryCOGNiTiVE AND SOCiAL ASPECTS OF MEMORY PERSPECTiVEConsequences of Memory PerspectiveCauses of Memory PerspectiveNEUROSCIENCE ASPECTS OF MEMORY PERSPECTIVECLINICAL ASPECTS OF MEMORY PERSPECTiVEObserver Perspective, Emotion, and TraumaObserver Perspective, Interpretation, and Behavior: Social PhobiaObserver Perspective and Positive Affect: DepressionCLOSiNG COMMENTSreferencesThe Formation of Attitudes and Social Judgments in a Virtual School Class Environment BEYOND THE INDIVIDUAL: THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO INTERPERSONAL BEHAVIORInterpersonal Phenomena Versus Interpersonal TheoriesIntrusion of New TheoriesPREVIEW OF RESEARCH REPORTED IN THE PRESENT CHAPTERThe Virtual School ClassSampling Vicissitudes in the VSCJUDGMENT BIASES ORIGINATING OUTSIDE THE INDIVIDUAL: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCEJudges and Targets Codetermine Information SamplingSearch Strategies Are Contingent on Environmental SupportAdaptive Sampling Is Sensitive to Both Epistemic and Hedonic ConstraintsHow the Law of Effect Impacts Sampling BehaviorLaw of Effect in the School ClassRefining the Analysis of Information SamplingAdhering to Extreme Anchors Versus Gradual Polarization ReturningSampling Hedonic Objects Versus Social EntitiesCONCLUDING REMARKSREFERENCESSocial Categorization at the Crossroads Mechanisms by Which Intersecting Social Categories Bias Social Perception BACKGROUNDBOTTOM-UP INTERSECTIONAL BIASESTOP-DOWN iNTERSECTiONAL BiASESTwo Identity IntersectionsThe Intersection of Race and SexThe Intersection of Sex and EmotionImplications for Other Aspects of Social PerceptionREMAiNiNG QUESTIONSREFERENCESThe Upside of Feeling Down The Benefits of Negative Mood for Social Cognition and Social BehaviorTHEORETiCAL BACKGROUNDThe Conceptual Links Between Affect and CognitionAttempts at Integration: The Affect Infusion ModelEXPERiMENTAL EViDENCE FOR THE COGNiTiVE AND SOCiAL BENEFiTS OF NEGATiVE AFFECTAffective Influences on Gullibility and SkepticismNegative Affect and Factual Skepticismnegative Affect and Interpersonal SkepticismMood Effects on the Detection of DeceptionNegative AffectAffective Influences on Reliance on StereotypesNegative Affect Improves Eyewitness MemoryAffective Influences on Persuasive CommunicationAffective Influences on Strategic BehaviorsSUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONreferencesConstruct Accessibility and Interpretation of Self-Behaviors Tracing and Reducing the Signatures of Self-Protection and Self-EnhancementPOTENCY AND PREVALENCE OF SELF-ENHANCEMENT STRIVINGS AND SELF-PROTECTION STRIVINGSARE SELF-ENHANCEMENT AND SELFPROTECTiON STRiViNGS BENEFiCiAL?ARE SELF-ENHANCEMENT AND SELFPROTECTiON STRiViNGS CONTROLLABLE?Interpersonal LimitsIntrapersonal LimitsFlexibility in Self-Thought: The Influence of Construct AccessibilityVariation in Behavior-Based Inferences About the SelfSelf-Enhancement and Self-Protection Motivation as Moderators of Priming EffectsCONSTRUCT ACCESSiBiLiTY AND iNTERPRETATiON OF SELF-BEHAViOR: THE iNiTiAL MEANNESS PRiMiNG STUDiESTHE PURSUIT OF MODERATION EFFECTS IN THE SELFPRIMING PARADIGM: INTRODUCING SELF-THREATDeliberative Versus Direct Construal of SelfBehavior: Different Routes to Self-Judgment?Construct Accessibility and Construal of SelfBehavior: An Induced Compliance ExperimentThe Subliminal Priming TaskThe empirical VerdictCan These Results Be Attributed to the Real Nature of the Behavior?REFERENCESSection IV Social and Cultural Factors in Social Thinking and Interpersonal Behavior Culture as Interpersonal ProcessSOCiAL PSYCHOLOGY OF CULTURAL DYNAMiCSGROUNDING MODEL OF CULTURAL TRANSMISSIONSTEREOTYPES AS CULTURAL INFORMATIONFLUENCY-PERTURBATION DYNAMICS IN CULTURAL TRANSMISSIONEvidence of Fluency-Perturbation DynamicsVerbal Perturbation in Cultural TransmissionPotential ExplanationsCONCLUSIONREFERENCESSystem Justification as an Obstacle to the Attainment of Social Justice HiSTORiCAL CONTEXT FOR THE STUDY OF SOCiAL JUSTiCETHE JUSTICE MOTIVE IN HUMAN BEHAVIORDESERViNGNESS AND ENTiTLEMENTTHE PROBLEM OF SYSTEM JUSTIFICATIONMotivation to Justify the Societal Status QuoSystem-Justifying Aspects of Conservative Ideology CertainEpistemic, Existential, and Relational Underpinnings of System JustificationWHAT CAN SOCiAL PSYCHOLOGY CONTRIBUTE TO SOCiAL JUSTiCE?REFERENCESThinking as a Social Group or Thinking as a Social Group Member. Different Implications for Attitude ChangeTHE GROUP AND COGNiTiVE DiSSONANCEEarly Work on Dissonance and GroupsMetaconsistency and Group SupportIntragroup DissonanceVicarious DissonanceSOCIAL THiNKiNG: SUBMERGED VERSUS iNDiViDUATED GROUP iDENTiTYEmpirical EvidenceAttitude Change Following Vicarious DissonanceGroup Boundary Change Following Vicarious DissonanceCONCLUSiONREFERENCESMoral, Cognitive, and Social The Nature of BlameA MODEL OF BLAMEDetectionAgent CausalityIntentionalityReasons and JustificationUnintentional EventsBlame-Late ModelsBlame-Early ModelsResolving the DebateBLAMING AS A SOCiAL ACTMoving Beyond Purely Cognitive ModelsSteps Toward Social BlameBLAMING GROUPSSocial Blaming of GroupsCONCLUSIONSreferences
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