Early Childhood Education in Aotearoa New Zealand: History, Pedagogy, and Liberation

A Kaupapa Maori Early Childhood Care and EducationDismantling Colonial Myths: Centralising Maori Language in EducationColonization and homogenization in educationPower hierarchies through geographic territorialization and sociolinguistic stratificationLinguafactionDiscourse analysisPowerful discourses and societyMyth one: we are all (happy) New Zealanders: trick or treatyMyth two: colonization is benevolent; therefore Maori ungratefulMyth three: what? racism in New Zealand, never!ConclusionsNotesReferencesPolicy and Inhibiters of Bicultural/Bilingual AdvancementThe 1835 Declaration of Independence and 1840 Te Tiriti o WaitangiThe Treaty of Waitangi and the 1987 Lands CaseThe Maori Language ActThe Treaty in EducationThe rise and decline of Kohanga ReoPolicy documents—The Meade reportBefore Five policy statementPathways to the FutureThe impact of Pathways policy on bilingual/immersion settingsKa Hikitia Maori education strategies and Tau Mai Te ReoConclusionsNotesReferencesCrown Breaches, Neoliberal Reforms, and Radical PedagogyWaitangi Tribunal reportsFunding inequitiesDeclining enrollments for Kohanga ReoTribunal findings of Crown Treaty breachesCurriculum implicationsTeacher educationRegulatory frameworkNeoliberal reformsRadical (critical) Kaupapa Maori pedagogyThe development of critical literacyConclusionsNotesReferencesB Indigenizing “Whitestream” Early Childhood Care and Education Practice in AotearoaContextual Explorations of Maori within “Whitestream” Early Childhood Education in Aotearoa New ZealandPromises, promises: Te Tiriti and Te Whariki as ethical visionsSettler assumption of sovereigntyProgressive traditions“Flax-roots” early childhood education and care servicesMaori pre-schoolsChance to be equalRepositioning te Ao Maori as central to educationNew right enmeshment with liberal social policiesNoteReferencesPost-Te Whariki Early Childhood Care and Education Policy and Practice in “Whitestream” Early Childhood Care and Education in AotearoaNeoliberal discursive eraTe Whariki as a kaupapa Maori visionMinistry of Education guidanceReviewing implementationAttaining and maintaining momentumNoteReferencesA Counter-Colonial Pedagogy of Affect in Early Childhood Education in Aotearoa New ZealandMethodologiesData examplesConclusionNoteReferencesColonization and LinguafactionSystemic changeMaori language narrativesMaori language narratives as curriculumShifting the “whitestream”References
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