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Home arrow Environment arrow Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World

A short course of lectures
«Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World»





Ecology of Bats and Water in Drylands EnvironmentsBenefits of a Synanthropic Lifestyle in BatsThe PacificThe Issue of Ecosystem Disservices of Bats to Agricultural ProductionCapacity Building of Local Rangers/PA ManagersBackgroundResponses at the Population and Assemblage LevelProtect Colony Locations at the RoostIndirect Effect—CullingMitigating Bat MortalityExtractive IndustriesHow Do Bats Find and Use Buildings?ValuesMalaysiaLoggingEstimating Extinction Risk and Extinction Rate: The Role of PhylogeneticsImportance of Bats for Cave EcosytemsConservation of Bat Populations and Population DynamicsConservation of Bats in Buildings: Avoidance, Mitigation, and CompensationSouth AmericaNectarivorous Bats and Pollination ServicesAssessing Attitudes, Values, and NormsBehavior—Local Commitment to Conservation of Bats and Bat HabitatCan Roads Benefit Bats?National and International Initiatives for the Protection of Cave BatsAfricaTaxonomy and International AgreementsUnderstory VegetationNegative Impacts on HumansSpatial and Temporal Scale Dependence in Responses to FragmentationWhite-Nose Syndrome in BatsRegulated HuntingChanging Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Bats in the Developing WorldGeneral PatternsMethodsBuildings as HibernaculaEdge EffectsEducation/OutreachDeadwood Availability and Hollow Tree DensityNegative Impacts on Bat Populations and EcosystemsEstimating RiskTheorySalvage LoggingIndian SubcontinentSpatial PatternsResearch PrioritiesDecreased Fitness Owing to Indirect ThreatsEducation and Awareness RaisingHabitat Degradation—Light, Noise and Chemical PollutionDeclines in Cave BatsBiological Control Agent—Weaver Ants Oecophylla longinodaSpecies-Specific EffectsPrior Attitudes and Values of Wildlife and NatureResponses to Landscape StructureComplexity of Bat Habitat NeedsSouth America, Central America, and the CaribbeanCave TourismRecommendations for Conservation of Hunted BatsData Acquisition and Meta-AnalysisHabitat Improvement and Effective Landscape-Scale PlanningI Bats in Anthropogenically Changed LandscapesReview MethodologyWhich Bat Species Use Buildings?RhabdovirusesEuropeBuildings as Swarming SitesWhy Bat Hunting is a Conservation ProblemPathogen and Parasite ExposureParamyxovirusesComposition and Estimates of Bat FatalitiesWaste WaterVariable Retention HarvestsJapanCyprusHuman Perceptions of Individual SpeciesLife in CavesA Basic Question: What is a Species?Origins and ActivitiesAgricultureBats in the AnthropoceneSynthesis and OutlookRecent InitiativesOver-the-Road Methods: Gantries, Green Bridges, Hop-Overs and Adapted Road/Foot BridgesBats in the Anthropocene: The Conservation of a Nocturnal TaxonMulti-spatial Scale Forest ManagementChallenges to Network SustainabilitySoutheast AsiaCombined Methods of MitigationInfluence of Cave MicroclimateCoronavirusesDo We Need a Global Network?Future DirectionsTheoryBiases in Our Understanding of Responses of Tropical Bats to Habitat AlterationBat VisionBodies of Water as a Foraging HabitatDiscussionBats and RoadsWhy Care About Bat Conservation?More Research is Needed to Understand Hunting ImpactsClimate and Weather VariablesStrengthening Existing NetworksTaxonomy as a Conservation Planning ToolClearcut and Deferment HarvestsBat Conservation StatusConservation and ManagementThreats to Water Sources Used by BatsAbout This BookEnhanced Access to Habitats by Using Buildings as Ecological Stepping StonesExpert OpinionTheories of Behavior and Behavioral ChangeEffects of Artificial Light on Physiological HomeostasisConsequences for Humans Sharing Buildings with BatsResearch to Understand How to Protect BatsAdaptability of Species to Urban Areas: General Trends, Species-Specific Differences and Future ResearchRestoration of Water Sources and Related HabitatsConservation Management to Mitigate Hunting ImpactsArea and Isolation EffectsTree PlantationsSparing, Sharing, and the Devaluation of Manufactured CapitalThe Biological Effects of Light PollutionIsraelToward a Global Network of NetworksLoss of Sources of WaterEmpirical ValuesDevelopment of GatingPest Suppression in the Face of Climate Change, Pesticides, and GM CropsBenefits of Sharing a Building with BatsEcosystem Services Provided by Bats in Agricultural SystemsAustralia and Papua New GuineaRoost Site ProtectionIndirect Effects: Biased Public PerceptionInterference of Light Pollution with Nocturnal NavigationRoadkillIndirect Effect—Killing of Bats for Virus SurveysThe Effects of Roads on Bats—Habitat Destruction, Fragmentation, Degradation and Collision MortalityCounter Measures in Favour of Bat ConservationCute, Creepy, or Crispy—How Values, Attitudes, and Norms Shape Human Behavior Toward BatsGenetic ConsequencesPhylogeny Versus Functional EcologyBehavioral ResponsesEstimating Hunting Impact from Population DeclinesBats and Water: Anthropogenic Alterations Threaten Global Bat PopulationsSecondary Effects—Infill and Increased Urban and Industrial DevelopmentCommonalities of Existing NetworksAttitudesFuture DirectionsLight AvoidanceEffects of Agricultural Intensity on Bat Assemblage Structure, Behavior, and EcologyFilovirusesAsiaStatus of P. Destructans/WNS in EuropeConservation PolicyPreyHabitat Conversion: A Key Aspect of Global ChangeEnvironmental ConservationPreventing the Emergence of New Viral DiseasesOverhunting as a Growing Concern for ConservationWhat We Can Learn from Theories of Network Structure and FunctionThe Continuing Age of DiscoveryAgriculture and Residual Tree CoverHigh Versus Lower Levels of UrbanisationConservation ResponsesExperimental Studies on Bats at Street LightsNegative Consequences of a Synanthropic Lifestyle in BatsMain Conservation Issues Related to Bat VirusesThe Roles of Taxonomy and Systematics in Bat ConservationImpacts of Wind Energy Development on Bats: A Global PerspectiveDeterrents/Aversion AgentsRecommendations and Issues for Future ConsiderationRegulated HuntingRailIII Human-Bat ConflictsNetworking Networks for Global Bat ConservationDetermining Hunting Impacts on Bat PopulationsArtificial Water SourcesHarmful BatsDecreased Fitness Owing to Direct ThreatsExample 2: Renovated Buildings Designated for Bat Conservation PurposesListing Species for ProtectionKnowledgeAppendix. List of Hunted Bat Species Showing Primary Use (Food or Medicine), Summarized by Region and Country. We Followed IUCN Regional ClassificationWater Sources Used by BatsIncreased Fitness of Bats Using BuildingsAfrica and the Indian OceanFuture ChallengesMitigation StrategiesRoad Class and SpeedRecommendationsInsectivorous Bats and Silviculture: Balancing Timber Production and Bat ConservationConservation in PracticeDisease Ecology of WNSExploitation of Bats for Bushmeat and MedicineConservation Ecology of Cave BatsThe Conflict Between Pteropodid Bats and Fruit Growers: Species, Legislation and MitigationMajor Forest AreasThe Extent of Feeding by Bats on Fruit Crops and Its ImplicationsCave SelectionMiningPrevious Experience and KnowledgeEducational EffortsAgroforestry SystemsThe Importance of Connectivity and the Maintenance of Existing FlightlinesUnder-the-Road Methods: Underpasses, Culverts and Other 'Tunnels'AfricaOverview of Bat HuntingExpansion of Geographic RangesDownsides of Species ListingThe Problem of “Taxonomic Inflation”Buildings as Foraging SitesContrasting the Effects between North and South America and Europe, Asia and Australia Focusing on InsectivoresBuildings as Maternity RoostsII Emerging DisesasesSeasonality and Climate ChangeTypes of Artificial LightDestruction of Buildings Caused by Bat ExcretaInventory and Monitoring ProgramsForest EdgeLegislative Approach to Reducing Pteropodid Damage to CropsArtificial Hibernacula and Maternity RoostsFilling in Biogeographical Knowledge GapsCompensating for Lost RoostsNetworking Networks for Global CoverageBuildings as Shelters During Foraging BoutsFood-Borne Zoonotic Disease Risk from Pteropodid BatsOffshore Wind FacilitiesThe Role of the Taxonomist in ConservationCumulative Effects, Extinction Debt and the Importance of ScaleImpacts of Light Pollution on Intraand Inter-specific CompetitionPesticide Impacts on Bat PopulationsDirect Effect: Viruses Killing BatsZoonotic Viruses of Bats and Their SpillOverQuantifying Impact and Value Across Crops and BiomesPlantationsFunding Interventions and Research to Mitigate the Pteropodid–Grower ConflictInsights from Long Term StudiesZoonotic Viruses and Conservation of BatsControl of Guns, Ammunition, and Other Bat Hunting ToolsKnowledge GapsLinking Farm Management, Ecosystem Services, and Landscape-Level ProcessesEnforcement of Hunting ProhibitionBats in Urban EnvironmentsEffects of Light Pollution on Ecosystem Services Provided by BatsResponses of Tropical Bats to Habitat Fragmentation, Logging, and DeforestationHow Hunting Affects BatsTropical Bats in a Changing WorldWater, Roosts and ReproductionTemporal PatternsThailandHabitat RelationshipsAvoiding or Mitigating Roost Losses in BuildingsThe MediterraneanThe Growth of Light PollutionBat Life HistoryBats and Buildings: The Conservation of Synanthropic BatsAustraliaIV Conservation Approaches, Educational and Outreach ProgramsRecommendationsDisease MechanismsSocial NormsNoise, Odor, Dust, and ActivityDefining Protected AreasPatterns of Bat FatalityLoss of HabitatEncourage Local Researchers and NGO'sConservation ThreatsHuman–Bat Conflict in Buildings and the Legal Protection of Synanthropic BatsExisting Bat Conservation NetworksUrbanisation and Its Effects on Bats—A Global Meta-AnalysisStructure and MembershipGeneral Considerations for the Conservation of Bats in BuildingsHunting Overview by RegionGlossaryBats in the Anthropogenic Matrix:Measuring Hunting Mortality RatesConservation in Principle: Avoidance, Mitigation, Compensation and EnhancementRecovery Times After Timber HarvestEducation of Growers and the PublicMauritius and MadagascarThe Barrier EffectThinning Young ForestsDecoy CropsExamples of Good PracticeNew Zealand and AustraliaSouth AsiaCumulative ImpactsProjected Changes in TechnologyConservation in the Era of Molecular PhylogeneticsWinners and Losers: Light-Tolerant and Light-Averse BatsMature, Large Diameter TreesHarvest Exclusion AreasExample 1: The Outreach Program for the “Bat-Friendly House”North AmericaMitigation and RestorationStructural Characteristics of Effective Conservation Networks: Within Subgroup Cohesion, Across Subgroup Collaboration, Bridging Actors, and Peripheral ActorsAsiaLoggingEmerging Viral Diseases: Why Bats?Group Selection HarvestsBodies of Water as a Drinking SourceEmpirical Attitudes Toward Animals and Factors Affecting ThemStakeholder Engagement and Citizen ScienceImpediments to Taxonomic ResearchNorth AmericaEvidence-Based Evaluation of the Effect of Urbanisation on Bats Worldwide Using a Meta-AnalysisLoss of Roosts Due to Demographic Changes in the Human PopulationDark Matters: The Effects of Artificial Lighting on BatsAustraliaPacific (Oceania)Filling Regional Gaps—Establishing New NetworksSecondary Forests and SuccessionRelationship Between Species and Humans—Cultural Significance and Utility ValueUrban WildlifeObservational Studies on Bats at Street LightsSlope and AspectKnowledge Gaps, Future Challenges and Mitigation StrategiesBat Responses to Silvicultural TreatmentsHabitat FragmentationEffects on Selected Species InteractionsEuropeNon-lethal Methods of MitigationIncidental DisturbanceNetting and Associated Tree ManagementNetwork Structure and FunctionInsectivorous Bats and Pest Limitation
 
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