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A short course of lectures
«Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World»

Insectivorous Bats and Silviculture: Balancing Timber Production and Bat ConservationCan Roads Benefit Bats?Mitigation StrategiesCyprusEnhanced Access to Habitats by Using Buildings as Ecological Stepping StonesEstimating Extinction Risk and Extinction Rate: The Role of PhylogeneticsThe MediterraneanGeneral Considerations for the Conservation of Bats in BuildingsFuture DirectionsSynthesis and OutlookToward a Global Network of NetworksBats and RoadsArea and Isolation EffectsEffects of Artificial Light on Physiological HomeostasisOverview of Bat HuntingFuture DirectionsRoad Class and SpeedHabitat Conversion: A Key Aspect of Global ChangePacific (Oceania)Why Bat Hunting is a Conservation ProblemDiscussionBats in Urban EnvironmentsEffects of Light Pollution on Ecosystem Services Provided by BatsIII Human-Bat ConflictsDestruction of Buildings Caused by Bat ExcretaDeterrents/Aversion AgentsDecreased Fitness Owing to Direct ThreatsEducational EffortsStructure and MembershipSlope and AspectConservation ResponsesDark Matters: The Effects of Artificial Lighting on BatsThe Continuing Age of DiscoveryUrbanisation and Its Effects on Bats—A Global Meta-AnalysisDisease MechanismsSpecies-Specific EffectsDecreased Fitness Owing to Indirect ThreatsDevelopment of GatingStructural Characteristics of Effective Conservation Networks: Within Subgroup Cohesion, Across Subgroup Collaboration, Bridging Actors, and Peripheral ActorsAbout This BookChanging Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Bats in the Developing WorldEuropePatterns of Bat FatalityThailandWhich Bat Species Use Buildings?IV Conservation Approaches, Educational and Outreach ProgramsGenetic ConsequencesMalaysiaConservation ThreatsSpatial PatternsThe Role of the Taxonomist in ConservationThe Roles of Taxonomy and Systematics in Bat ConservationCave TourismConservation of Bat Populations and Population DynamicsThe PacificNoise, Odor, Dust, and ActivityImpacts of Wind Energy Development on Bats: A Global PerspectiveBats and Buildings: The Conservation of Synanthropic BatsBenefits of a Synanthropic Lifestyle in BatsEcosystem Services Provided by Bats in Agricultural SystemsAfricaThe Importance of Connectivity and the Maintenance of Existing FlightlinesLight AvoidanceControl of Guns, Ammunition, and Other Bat Hunting ToolsNorth AmericaFuture ChallengesPlantationsAdaptability of Species to Urban Areas: General Trends, Species-Specific Differences and Future ResearchDo We Need a Global Network?Direct Effect: Viruses Killing BatsDisease Ecology of WNSStatus of P. Destructans/WNS in EuropeHuman Perceptions of Individual SpeciesKnowledgeUnderstory VegetationSparing, Sharing, and the Devaluation of Manufactured CapitalLife in CavesTheories of Behavior and Behavioral ChangeComposition and Estimates of Bat FatalitiesWater Sources Used by BatsSoutheast AsiaBats in the Anthropogenic Matrix:Water, Roosts and ReproductionAfricaAsiaThe Conflict Between Pteropodid Bats and Fruit Growers: Species, Legislation and MitigationMitigation and RestorationTemporal PatternsData Acquisition and Meta-AnalysisExpansion of Geographic RangesEducation and Awareness RaisingResponses at the Population and Assemblage LevelSeasonality and Climate ChangePathogen and Parasite ExposureInsights from Long Term StudiesConservation Management to Mitigate Hunting ImpactsQuantifying Impact and Value Across Crops and BiomesThe Growth of Light PollutionExtractive IndustriesPest Suppression in the Face of Climate Change, Pesticides, and GM CropsMiningFood-Borne Zoonotic Disease Risk from Pteropodid BatsEmpirical ValuesLoggingII Emerging DisesasesConservation PolicyResearch to Understand How to Protect BatsStrengthening Existing NetworksAsiaAgroforestry SystemsAfrica and the Indian OceanSecondary Effects—Infill and Increased Urban and Industrial DevelopmentPrior Attitudes and Values of Wildlife and NatureBuildings as HibernaculaBiological Control Agent—Weaver Ants Oecophylla longinodaListing Species for ProtectionExperimental Studies on Bats at Street LightsEnvironmental ConservationComplexity of Bat Habitat NeedsHunting Overview by RegionConservation of Bats in Buildings: Avoidance, Mitigation, and CompensationOffshore Wind FacilitiesMulti-spatial Scale Forest ManagementBodies of Water as a Foraging HabitatMain Conservation Issues Related to Bat VirusesMauritius and MadagascarIndirect Effect—CullingI Bats in Anthropogenically Changed LandscapesEffects on Selected Species InteractionsMore Research is Needed to Understand Hunting ImpactsPreventing the Emergence of New Viral DiseasesTheoryWinners and Losers: Light-Tolerant and Light-Averse BatsArtificial Hibernacula and Maternity RoostsInventory and Monitoring ProgramsEnforcement of Hunting ProhibitionConservation and ManagementRailPrevious Experience and KnowledgeThe Barrier EffectCumulative ImpactsParamyxovirusesAustralia and Papua New GuineaLegislative Approach to Reducing Pteropodid Damage to CropsSalvage LoggingResponses of Tropical Bats to Habitat Fragmentation, Logging, and DeforestationRecommendationsRecent InitiativesChallenges to Network SustainabilityNectarivorous Bats and Pollination ServicesUrban WildlifePesticide Impacts on Bat PopulationsAvoiding or Mitigating Roost Losses in BuildingsArtificial Water SourcesCumulative Effects, Extinction Debt and the Importance of ScaleLoss of HabitatBuildings as Foraging SitesProjected Changes in TechnologyDetermining Hunting Impacts on Bat PopulationsSecondary Forests and SuccessionConservation in the Era of Molecular PhylogeneticsTaxonomy and International AgreementsSouth AsiaEcology of Bats and Water in Drylands EnvironmentsMature, Large Diameter TreesRecommendationsObservational Studies on Bats at Street LightsImportance of Bats for Cave EcosytemsStakeholder Engagement and Citizen ScienceResearch PrioritiesPreyBehavioral ResponsesHuman–Bat Conflict in Buildings and the Legal Protection of Synanthropic BatsCute, Creepy, or Crispy—How Values, Attitudes, and Norms Shape Human Behavior Toward BatsBiases in Our Understanding of Responses of Tropical Bats to Habitat AlterationNegative Impacts on HumansTheoryFunding Interventions and Research to Mitigate the Pteropodid–Grower ConflictHabitat Improvement and Effective Landscape-Scale PlanningExample 1: The Outreach Program for the “Bat-Friendly House”Negative Consequences of a Synanthropic Lifestyle in BatsValuesAttitudesAgricultureAssessing Attitudes, Values, and NormsThe Biological Effects of Light PollutionBenefits of Sharing a Building with BatsDeclines in Cave BatsAgriculture and Residual Tree CoverSouth America, Central America, and the CaribbeanImpediments to Taxonomic ResearchDefining Protected AreasKnowledge Gaps, Future Challenges and Mitigation StrategiesEstimating RiskCompensating for Lost RoostsKnowledge GapsExploitation of Bats for Bushmeat and MedicineRoadkillHarvest Exclusion AreasNational and International Initiatives for the Protection of Cave BatsContrasting the Effects between North and South America and Europe, Asia and Australia Focusing on InsectivoresWhat We Can Learn from Theories of Network Structure and FunctionThe Effects of Roads on Bats—Habitat Destruction, Fragmentation, Degradation and Collision MortalityHabitat FragmentationNetting and Associated Tree ManagementNorth AmericaBat Conservation StatusReview MethodologyCounter Measures in Favour of Bat ConservationProtect Colony Locations at the RoostEstimating Hunting Impact from Population DeclinesHow Do Bats Find and Use Buildings?BackgroundHow Hunting Affects BatsHarmful BatsEmpirical Attitudes Toward Animals and Factors Affecting ThemMajor Forest AreasBodies of Water as a Drinking SourceUnder-the-Road Methods: Underpasses, Culverts and Other 'Tunnels'Decoy CropsA Basic Question: What is a Species?Habitat Degradation—Light, Noise and Chemical PollutionZoonotic Viruses of Bats and Their SpillOverInfluence of Cave MicroclimateNon-lethal Methods of MitigationJapanGeneral PatternsThreats to Water Sources Used by BatsIncreased Fitness of Bats Using BuildingsThe Issue of Ecosystem Disservices of Bats to Agricultural ProductionAustraliaEducation/OutreachOrigins and ActivitiesMethodsNetworking Networks for Global Bat ConservationThe Problem of “Taxonomic Inflation”Phylogeny Versus Functional EcologyConservation in PracticeCommonalities of Existing NetworksEmerging Viral Diseases: Why Bats?Tropical Bats in a Changing WorldEvidence-Based Evaluation of the Effect of Urbanisation on Bats Worldwide Using a Meta-AnalysisEncourage Local Researchers and NGO'sBats and Water: Anthropogenic Alterations Threaten Global Bat PopulationsIndirect Effect—Killing of Bats for Virus SurveysRoost Site ProtectionTree PlantationsHabitat RelationshipsBat Responses to Silvicultural TreatmentsExisting Bat Conservation NetworksTaxonomy as a Conservation Planning ToolForest EdgeConservation in Principle: Avoidance, Mitigation, Compensation and EnhancementClimate and Weather VariablesLoss of Roosts Due to Demographic Changes in the Human PopulationLoss of Sources of WaterRelationship Between Species and Humans—Cultural Significance and Utility ValueIndian SubcontinentClearcut and Deferment HarvestsEdge EffectsImpacts of Light Pollution on Intraand Inter-specific CompetitionBuildings as Swarming SitesCapacity Building of Local Rangers/PA ManagersSpatial and Temporal Scale Dependence in Responses to FragmentationGlossaryBats in the AnthropoceneCoronavirusesNetwork Structure and FunctionExample 2: Renovated Buildings Designated for Bat Conservation PurposesThinning Young ForestsRecommendations for Conservation of Hunted BatsRegulated HuntingDownsides of Species ListingBat Life HistoryGroup Selection HarvestsExamples of Good PracticeIndirect Effects: Biased Public PerceptionResponses to Landscape StructureNegative Impacts on Bat Populations and EcosystemsBats in the Anthropocene: The Conservation of a Nocturnal TaxonConservation Ecology of Cave BatsBat VisionRestoration of Water Sources and Related HabitatsExpert OpinionThe Extent of Feeding by Bats on Fruit Crops and Its ImplicationsWhy Care About Bat Conservation?EuropeAustraliaWaste WaterInterference of Light Pollution with Nocturnal NavigationWhite-Nose Syndrome in BatsDeadwood Availability and Hollow Tree DensitySocial NormsIsraelBehavior—Local Commitment to Conservation of Bats and Bat HabitatBuildings as Maternity RoostsHigh Versus Lower Levels of UrbanisationRecovery Times After Timber HarvestEducation of Growers and the PublicEffects of Agricultural Intensity on Bat Assemblage Structure, Behavior, and EcologyConsequences for Humans Sharing Buildings with BatsRegulated HuntingZoonotic Viruses and Conservation of BatsFilling Regional Gaps—Establishing New NetworksMitigating Bat MortalityOver-the-Road Methods: Gantries, Green Bridges, Hop-Overs and Adapted Road/Foot BridgesFilling in Biogeographical Knowledge GapsNew Zealand and AustraliaVariable Retention HarvestsInsectivorous Bats and Pest LimitationSouth AmericaLinking Farm Management, Ecosystem Services, and Landscape-Level ProcessesAppendix. List of Hunted Bat Species Showing Primary Use (Food or Medicine), Summarized by Region and Country. We Followed IUCN Regional ClassificationRhabdovirusesFilovirusesNetworking Networks for Global CoverageMeasuring Hunting Mortality RatesIncidental DisturbanceTypes of Artificial LightLoggingBuildings as Shelters During Foraging BoutsCombined Methods of MitigationOverhunting as a Growing Concern for ConservationCave SelectionRecommendations and Issues for Future Consideration
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