Theory Building and Quantitative Research
A conceptual model for a theory of human capital formation for innovation in India’s IT sector is shown in Fig. 9.1. This theory modifies and extends the existing theories advanced in the literature on enterprise training and skill formation for innovation, and provides a much needed framework for understanding the phenomenon in operation within the IT sector of India.
Identifying the units of the theory: Units of analysis constitute the concepts or the things that a researcher is trying to make sense of; they are mainly informed by literature and the personal experiences of
Fig. 9.1 A conceptual model of human capital formation for innovation in India's information technology sector
the researcher. By translating these concepts into units of analysis, the researcher-theorist attempts to make sense of the phenomenon through the interactions that occur between these variables (Dubin, 1978). The choice of units of theory for this research project is mainly informed by extant literature on theorising enterprise training (Hayton et al., 1996; Smith et al., 2002; Ridoutt et al., 2002). Each unit of theory is shown in a box in Fig. 9.1. The units of the theory are discussed in a reverse order from output units to process to input units.